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Brazil deepens its alignment with the US

Bolsonaro expels Venezuelan diplomats and submits a general to US army

Submitted by InfoBrics, authored by Lucas Leiroz, research fellow in international law at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro…

There is no doubt about Jair Bolsonaro’s neoliberal project and his interest in completely submitting Brazil to American domination. However, the speed with which the agenda of the Brazilian president advances is surprising to any political analyst. At the beginning of March, Bolsonaro decided to rekindle his rivalry with the Venezuelan popular government by expelling all Caracas’ diplomats from Brazil and demanding a reciprocal attitude from Nicolás Maduro, just at a time when the crisis between the two countries did not seem to be so deep. The breakdown of diplomacy is an extreme attitude, which is not taken by any simple sign of disagreement between two countries, but when dialogue between nations becomes impossible through a rational and peaceful way.

Bolsonaro’s interest in creating unnecessary international tensions stems from a number of factors. First of all, the Brazilian government has a clear project of total alignment with the US, as became clear in a recent publication by the Ministry of Defense. Searching for this goal, recently, the government carried out the greatest act of subordination to Washington ever recorded in Brazilian history: a general of the Brazilian Army was subjected to direct command by the American Army. Brigadier General Alcides Valeriano will join the US Southern Command as a deputy commander this March. This command is responsible for the American military presence in the territories of South America, Central America and the Caribbean, which makes clear the intention of the Brazilian government to make the country a regional monitor of American interests.

In August last year, Donald Trump named Brazil as an “major non-NATO ally”. The nomination was received simultaneously with joy and disappointment by the Bolsonaro government. The possibility of including Brazil in NATO was – and remains – a major agenda item for Bolsonaro and his followers. Certainly, Bolsonaro enthusiastically hoped that his policies of total alignment would result in a reciprocal approach of Washington, which, however, does not seem to occur. Trump did not facilitate Brazilian international ambitions to join the Western military alliance and promoted Brazil to the role of “non-NATO ally”, which in practice means that Brazil’s value to the United States is below of any NATO member. Another sign of the complete absence of reciprocity in relations between Brazil and the US was the decision of the Brazilian government to ban the visa requirement for the entry of American citizens into its territory. Trump not only did not return the Brazilian “kindness” but also initiated a massive deportation of illegal Brazilians from the US, which resulted in the return of more than 450 immigrants in recent months. Immigrants report scenes of torture and extreme suffering during imprisonment and deportation, something quite different from the treatment received by Americans when in Brazilian territory – even if in an irregular situation.

Bolsonaro, however, rejoices in the crumbs of his American idol and at no time resigned in the policies of alignment. Content with the secondary role assigned to him by Donald Trump, the Brazilian government decided to take a regional pivotal attitude towards the US military presence in Latin America. Last weekend, Bolsonaro and Trump met for the fourth time in just over a year. These are the words of the Brazilian president: “I am very happy to be here. It is an honor for me and for my country. I am sure that in the near future it is very good to have a good right-wing relationship.” Trump also praised his partner’s policies stating that “the US loves Bolsonaro”.

Bolsonaro’s confidence in his partnership with Trump sounds not only irresponsible, but even unhealthy. The unwavering belief in Brazilian regional military supremacy makes it project the country as an aligned regional power. However, it is the geopolitical imprudence that really impresses in all these events. Venezuela has already received direct international support from Russia and China, constituting solid cooperation with these countries. This does not seem to matter to Bolsonaro and his military advisers, who see the open opposition to Caracas as the only solution to regional tensions, instead of friendly diplomacy between neighboring countries.

From experts outside the government, the president’s actions are criticized all the time. For Ariane Roder, Brazilian political analyst, “(…) Brazil is adopting positions of automatic alignment with the United States in spite of strategic and pragmatic calculations of how this alliance can have negative impacts on trade relations, the effect on the image that the country has an international scope and that it built diplomatically. I think that these are the biggest diplomatic damages that we have to reverse and this will take decades”. In the same sense, Flávio Rocha Melo, a specialist in geopolitics, questions about the submission of a Brazilian general to the command of the United States: “The general, as part of this chain of command, will make what decisions? What decisions will he submit to within the chain of command of the United States? Is there a plan A, plan B or plan C for this? Are all these decisions in our interest? ”

Pragmatism and realism, however, do not guide current Brazilian foreign policy. The costs of this policy of deep and automatic alignment will arrive soon and, in fact, they have already begun to show signs of their dimension. This Monday, the Armed Forces of Venezuela carried out a new stage of a major military test entitled “Bolivarian Shield 2020”, consisting in a sort of surprise exercises, without any prior warning, which makes clear the alertness of the Venezuelan Defense, to which Bolsonaro, in his arrogance, believes himself to be so superior with the supposed American military support in an eventual conflict – a support that in no moment is confirmed by Donald Trump.

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oldandjaded
March 11, 2020

Meh…Told you so…CIA asset operating inside the BRICS.

AMHants
AMHants
March 11, 2020

Time they left BRICS.

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  AMHants
March 11, 2020

No, Brazil should stay in BRICS. The next Brazilian President will be friendly towards Russia, China, India again, just like the former Presidents were. In Latin America, governments change very often.

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

TASS: ‘Monroe Doctrine obsolete’: Russian diplomat says US’ Latin American schemes backfired — The expert believes that the region turned out to be more complicated than the “simplistic” calculations of US American radicals MOSCOW, January 30. /TASS/. Washington’s calculations regarding Latin American countries have failed to pan out, despite the steps taken by the US, even by using economic pressure, Director of the Russian Foreign Ministry’s Latin American Department Alexander Shchetinin told TASS. “The past year showed what Washington didn’t seem to expect. Its schemes have begun to run out of steam,” the diplomat noted. “The region turned out to… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

THE VALDAI CLUB: BRICS: The Stepping Stones Towards New Global Governance — 28.02.2020 Yaroslav Lissovolik — In the beginning of 2020 Russia assumed chairmanship in the BRICS amid an escalation in geopolitical risks and further shocks to the global economy. Among the plethora of priorities and initiatives that are traditionally launched by countries assuming chairmanship in the BRICS the focus this year is likely to accord more weight to exploring the pathways to strengthening the multilateral layers of global governance. In order to aspire to have a global impact on the evolving global governance construct of the world economy the… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

BRICS PRESIDENCY IN RUSSIA 2020

“The main objective of cooperation between the BRICS member countries, as we see it, is to deliver real benefits for people and help improve living standards and the quality of life”

Vladimir Putin, November 14, 2019, Brasilia, Brazil

https://eng.brics-russia2020.ru/

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

BRICS NEWS: Priorities of the Russian BRICS Chairmanship in 2020 1. Strengthening multilateral principles in global politics and promoting shared interests of the BRICS countries in international fora: – to promote the unifying agenda based on the universally recognised principles and norms of the international law and the interests of all states; – to promote the central role of the United Nations in international relations; – to consolidate collective efforts to respond to global and regional challenges and threats; – to deepen cooperation between the BRICS countries in countering terrorism, extremism, corruption, cross-border crime and illicit drug and arms trafficking;… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

BRICS NEWS:

“We will develop relations with our strategic partners among BRICS countries in the domains of commerce, scientific and technical cooperation, diplomacy, creation of the Development Bank and implementation of the treaty on currency reserve pool”

JAIR BOLSONARO
President of Brazil

https://infobrics.org/brazil/

oldandjaded
Reply to  AMHants
March 11, 2020

AM, BRICS MUST get rid of them, they must be expelled, its vital to survival. This is no accident, BRICS is the central target here, Brazil is a mole.

oldandjaded
March 11, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Renewal_Alliance
A right wing military regime sympathetic to US Monroe doctrine controlled Brazil from 1964 to 1985. Twenty years, that looks like a pretty good run to me. Wishful thinking and ideology play ZERO role in foreign affairs, and only serve to blind gullible fools to the truth.

the mountebank
Reply to  oldandjaded
March 11, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1964_Brazilian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

“The 1964 Brazilian coup d’état (Portuguese: Golpe de estado no Brasil em 1964 or, more colloquially, golpe de 64) was a series of events in Brazil from March 31 to April 1 that led to the overthrow of President João Goulart by members of the Brazilian Armed Forces, supported by the United States government.”

oldandjaded
Reply to  the mountebank
March 11, 2020

History is one bitchy mistress. Those that can’t be bothered studying it have no frame of reference.

Vera Gottlieb
Vera Gottlieb
March 11, 2020

Oh, great…just what we need…another shit disturber.

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Vera Gottlieb
March 11, 2020

He is awful, but he will not stay forever. Governing Brazil is a volatile business.

inlikeflynn
inlikeflynn
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 11, 2020

History doesn’t look like it supports that idea. Did you read the links posted above?

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  inlikeflynn
March 11, 2020

My sources of info are the Russian news agency TASS and Iranian PRESS TV. To each his own!

inlikeflynn
inlikeflynn
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 11, 2020

Can you post a link to the Tass or PRESS TV article that is predicting imminent regime change in Brazil?

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  inlikeflynn
March 12, 2020

Google TASS and PRESS TV yourself.

inlikeflynn
inlikeflynn
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

so, in other words, the source you cited never said anything of the sort…

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  inlikeflynn
March 12, 2020

The sources I cite say that Brazil and Russia are partners in BRICS and will remain partners in BRICS. The presidency of Brazil plays no major role. Anyone studying Brazilian history knows that this is one of the Latin American countries where the governments are overthrown all the time. They are volatile: here today, gone tomorrow … But BRICS will remain.

oldandjaded
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 13, 2020

Of course Brazil will not voluntarily leave BRICS. The US government would be VERY unhappy with them if they did that. A child can grasp that the US deep state VERY MUCH WANTS an asset within BRICS, THATS what this is all about, as pretty much everyone else on this thread has grasped. Its up to the other members to ask that Brazil leave, but that’s “awkward”.

Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

TASS: Russia moving towards greater pragmatism in relations with Latin America, says expert — Russian top diplomat Sergei Lavrov’s current tour that includes visits to Cuba, Venezuela and Mexico means that he’s coming to the region for the second time in a year, the expert recalled MOSCOW, February 6. /TASS/. Russia is building more and more pragmatic relations with Latin American countries meaning that bilateral cooperation is preserved despite the differences on a number of global political issues, Director of the Institute for Latin American Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences and expert of the Valdai International Discussion Club… Read more »

inlikeflynn
inlikeflynn
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

Doesn’t say anything about regime change in Brazil.

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  inlikeflynn
March 12, 2020

It says that Brazil has a good relationship with its BRICS partner Russia and will stay in BRICS.

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

BRAZIL IN BRICS/BRICS PRESIDENCY 2019/BRICS SUMMIT IN BRASILIA NOVEMBER 2019 — Nov 11, 2019 11th BRICS Summit held in Brazil from 13th of November — 11th BRICS Summit held in Brazilian capital Brasilia. Throughout the first decade from inception, BRICS developed sectoral cooperations in different areas, such as science and technology, trade promotion, energy, health, education and innovation, bringing immense benefits to the BRICS societies. AIR correspondent reports that Since the first BRIC Summit in 2009 in Russia, the group advocated reform of global governance, especially through greater presence of emerging economies in international financial institutions. In 2011, with South… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

Russia has taken over the Presidency of BRICS, in 2020. Brazilian, Russian, Indian, Chinese, South American leaders will meet in Russia, in 2020.

Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

BRAZIL CATCHES CORONAVIRUS THROUGH CONTACT WITH USA ? Brazilian Official Who Met Trump Testing for Coronavirus — March 11, 2020, at 9:46 p.m. BRASILIA (REUTERS) – A Brazilian government official who attended an official meeting at Donald Trump’s resort in Florida on Saturday and posted a photo of himself standing next to the U.S. president is being tested for coronavirus, the Folha de S.Paulo newspaper said on Wednesday. Fabio Wajngarten is Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s communications secretary and he accompanied the far-right leader on a visit to Florida that included dinner with Trump at Mar-A-Lago. In response to the article,… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

THE CORONAVIRUS HAS REACHED BRAZIL — … This week, Rio de Janeiro reported its first case of the new coronavirus COVID-19. That’s within the two week incubation period and within a week of Carnival’s last day on February 26. This is not good news. As the numbers increase, the Brazilian real will hit another historic low, this time at five to the dollar. It is currently trading at R$4.62, already its weakest level ever. Brazil’s stock market will crash. It’ll be in a bear market, seemingly, overnight. “In countries that are fragile, like Brazil, this becomes one more headwind that… Read more »

Olivia Kroth
Reply to  Olivia Kroth
March 12, 2020

“For now, Brazil’s currency weakness isn’t because the market doesn’t like the country or think Bolsonaro is a bum.”

The “market” may not think so but I think that Bolsonaro is a bum!

oldandjaded
March 12, 2020

A regime change is coming early in 2021, but not in Brazil. And Putin will not do a thing to stop it, he will rejoice. He may even have his fingers in it. Someone has overplayed his hand and become a thorn in EVERYONES side, as I pointed out in a response to an Eric Zeusse thread about a month ago. I will make this prediction, predicated on two things happening. Trump winning 2020, and Trump re-starting rapprochement with Russia in his second term. If these two things happen, there’s a certain fool currently strutting his stuff on the international… Read more »

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