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The forgotten postwar US-Nazi alliance

After 1945 the US had no issues recruiting major Nazi war criminals: Men like Wehrmacht General Reinhard Gehlen and SS Captain Klaus Barbie.

Shane Quinn

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As the Second World War advanced from its early stages, the United States was assessing which sections of the earth it would hold conquest over. American planners had to remain patient, however. A seemingly endless string of conquests for the Nazis had astonished the world – particularly those in the US – and led to Adolf Hitler being crowned as “the new Napoleon”.

In the summer of 1942, under Hitler’s domineering command of the military, the Germans controlled vast swathes of Europe – from Warsaw to Oslo to Paris, and eastwards onto Athens, Kiev and Sevastopol. It was one major victory after another for the Third Reich, blighted by the narrow failure to take Moscow in late 1941 after a celebrated Russian counterattack, and the inability to gain air superiority over Britain.

Yet, by November 1942, Hitler had plunged deeper into Russian territory than even Napoleon in his pomp 130 years before. By this point, Nazi forces had killed many millions of Russians – much of whom were innocent civilians – in “a war of annihilation”, as Hitler had previously said.

Come early November [1942], 90% of Stalingrad had been taken by German infantry after weeks of fierce house-to-house fighting. The swastika was now flying over the tallest building in Stalingrad city centre. Such news prompted a buoyant Hitler to say in an after-dinner speech in Munich that, “I wanted to take the place [Stalingrad], and you know, we’ve done it. We’ve got it really, except for a few enemy positions still holding out. Now they say, ‘why don’t we finish the job more quickly?’ Well, I prefer to do the job with quite small assault groups. Time is of no consequence at all”.

At this stage, American planners were preparing with certainty for a postwar world split up between the Third Reich and the leader of the Free World. The Nazis would control the whole of mainland Europe and Eurasia, while the US would command the Western Hemisphere, the Far East, and the former British empire. American imperialists gave this unprecedented sphere of conquest a title, “the Grand Area”.

The plans were soon altered, however. Despite Hitler’s assertions, time was catching up on the Germans. Just days later Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Premier, orchestrated another famous counterattack with fresh reserves – smashing the overextended German lines. By November 23 the German 6th Army, which led the conquest over France in 1940, was completely encircled by superior forces.

Come the following year, 1943, it was increasingly clear to the Roosevelt administration that the Germans were heading towards defeat – which is precisely what unfolded two years later. Russia deserved the vast majority of credit for winning the Second World War – which is scarcely ever mentioned – yet Russia was almost destroyed in doing so, losing over 25 million people along with immeasurable damage to her infrastructure.

The US had not suffered invasion or bombing and in 1945 controlled a remarkable 50% of the world’s wealth. The Grand Area was now to be expanded to control as much of Eurasia as possible too. The Americans had a problem to overcome, however – by war’s end the anti-Nazi Resistance had become powerful and contained many Socialist and Communist elements. The traditional order had to be restored.

Resistance factions would not be conducive to American demands and were to be smashed. At this point, the US did not possess the knowledge of infiltration in breaking up undesirable organisations.

Yet there were those who did possess that ability: Nazi leaders who for years had been specialists in undermining the Resistance through covert techniques. Men like Wehrmacht General Reinhard Gehlen, who was head of German intelligence on the Eastern Front (1942-45), where the most atrocious crimes were perpetrated. The US further hired SS Captain Klaus Barbie – “the Butcher of Lyon” – who had performed a key role in destabilising the Resistance in the Netherlands, and from 1942 on, in Nazi-occupied France.

Gehlen himself was initially under the guidance of the US Army, before being overseen by the recently-formed CIA in 1949. Gehlen headed secret espionage activities against the Soviet Union as head of the so-called Gehlen Organisation – with hundreds of ex-Wehrmacht and SS intelligence officers under his command, all with American assurance.

A declassified CIA intelligence document describes him as, “the Master Spy, the Man of Mystery, Spy of the Century”. Later, for 12 years, Gehlen was the first president of the Federal Intelligence Service of West Germany (1956-1968) – and was also the highest ranking reserve officer in the West German military, before being forced into retirement in 1968.

Barbie, formerly of the SS and Gestapo, was recruited by the US Army’s Counterintelligence Corps in 1947 – historians estimate he bears direct responsibility for the deaths of up to 14,000 people. He was accountable for other crimes such as the widespread use of torture, and the deportation of Jewish children to Auschwitz.

Now under his American masters, Barbie was utilised once more to destroy anti-Communist movements in Europe. Eugene Kolb, an ex-Major in the US Army’s Counterintelligence Corps, said decades later that, “We did not have any great pangs of conscience [about recruiting Nazis]”.

Kolb further stated that Barbie’s “skills were badly needed… His activities had been directed against the underground French Communist party and the Resistance”.

Another former US intelligence officer Ed Dobringhaus said, “We went overboard to be nice to that guy [Barbie]. We went out drinking beer once in a while”.

France had twice sentenced Barbie to death in absentia for war crimes. Upon discovering he was operating under US command, the French issued a plea to the US High Commissioner for Germany, John J. McCloy, to hand him over for execution. McCloy allegedly refused the request.

By the early 1950s, Barbie was becoming too hot to handle for the US – instead they sent him to the Vatican-run “ratline”, as Croatian Nazi priests and other fascist sympathisers shipped him off to Bolivia from Genoa, Italy. Barbie resided in South America for over 30 years, enjoying protection from US-backed dictatorships. There he operated as a major drug lord while working for the CIA and secret police.

Barbie was strongly involved in the 1980 military putsch in Bolivia, known as “the cocaine coup” – before at last being extradited to France in 1983 under Bolivia’s new democratic government, dying in a Lyon prison eight years later.

In another major instance, there were no issues in sending over 1,600 Nazi scientists and engineers to the US to work on space programmes, with the further aim of gaining Cold War superiority. Among such scientists was Wernher von Braun, the Nazis’ leading engineer and inventor of the feared V-2 rocket – which killed over 2,700 people in London.

In the US, Von Braun became the driving force behind the Apollo program moon landings – despite earlier US security reports describing him as “a serious potential security threat”. Von Braun had been an SS member and rose to the rank of Major under Hitler.

The highly classified project of spiriting hundreds of Nazi technicians to the US was known as “Operation Paperclip”. It was undertaken despite many of the scientists having notorious pasts. The operation was authorised in 1946 by US President Harry Truman.

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seby
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seby

Post? Pre as well!

“History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake.”

from James Joyce, Ulysses

samo war
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samo war
TravelAbout
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TravelAbout

It is any surprise that the US would aid & assist the NAZI in Kiev as well as ISIS in Syria? There’s no morals or righteousness associated with the US Gov, they’ll use whatever means, however evil, to achieve their lust for a unipolar world. Beacon of democracy my ass!

Have a cigar!
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Have a cigar!

Well done Mr. Quinn, poke ’em straight in the eyes, nazi slime has to be exterminated once and for all!!

my2Cents
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my2Cents

How about those who orchestrated and funded WW1 and WW2? It was not Archduke Ferdinand’s assassination…..How is it that both Dulles brothers were SO eager to get Hitler appointed as chancellor in 1932? How is it that they made oodles of money from the slave Labor in Auschwitz, while we are still told it was an extermination camp? WHY? Why were the Rockefeller’s partners of I.G Farben – why did they give to IG Farben a patent for synthetic rubber, while the U.S. was short on rubber. Why did Standard Oil provide all the fuel to Germany. Every 6-year-old that… Read more »

Have a cigar!
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Have a cigar!

And where have you been while the U.S. and 18 other countries sent their planes to bomb my country for 11 weeks back in 1999, you hypocrite? The only European country bombarded after the WWII was Serbia!! And what exactly you are trying to say which is opposite than Mr.Quinn said?? My grandfather fought the WWI, fought Kolubara and Cer Battle, walked thru Albania with other fellow soldiers and breached the Thessalonikhi front making his way home 4 years later. It was my people who lost one third of a population in WWI and lost over 2 million in WWII… Read more »

my2Cents
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my2Cents

You might read my comment again. Do some research and learn that neither WW1 nor WW2 were started by the Germans, orthodox history notwithstanding.
What happened in 1870?
Why is Germany STILL occupied? Nothing to do with Nazis….Do you know what a Nazi IS? Who bombed Serbia?? And WHY?? I know who bombed me!!! And it was not the Nazis
Copying orthodox drivel has little to do with reality.

Constantine
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Constantine

And yet, today we have to endure the spectacle of intellectually dishonest historians like Timothy Snyder who equate the Third German Reich with the USSR. Not to mention the various far-right clowns infesting the forums and who keep informing that Hitler wasn’t so bad at all, because he wanted to liberate the poor Russians from the yoke of evil Bolshevik Jews and these idiotic Slavs fought him back instead. Which, of course, implies that the Americans did not do something horrible by taking a scumbag like Barbie under their wings.

Attrition47
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Attrition47

Odd that the people who compare Nazi Germany and the USSR don’t compare both to the western slave empires that eventually defeated both…..

Gary Wells
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Gary Wells

Of course, Ford and GM continued to operate in Germany throughout the war manufacturing vehicles and such for the German military thus aiding and abetting the Nazi cause. Neither company was prosecuted. It’s my understanding that their factories, save a single exception, were never bombed, Moreover, the Ford Motor Company, whose factory was bombed, sued the US government and received financial compensation for damages incurred from the bombing.

Herbert Dorsey
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Herbert Dorsey

What this article didn’t discuss was the fact that many U.S. industrialists assisted Hitler’s rise to power in

Igor Mini Chornyvolk
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Igor Mini Chornyvolk

Bush and Ford among them

William
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William

Hitler built a reputation as a leader of an anti-organized-labor private army of mostly WWI veterans (later known as “Brown Shirts”). Industrialists and big land owners paid him to break unions and intimidate workers. Since labor was the biggest cost of running an industry, many industrialists in Europe and the U.S. admired Hitler’s methods of suppressing wages. Emil Kirdorf, coal mining magnate, is a good example of an important early supporter of the Nazi party, understandable because coal mining is a labor-intensive business.

Herbert Dorsey
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Herbert Dorsey

The Ford plant in Germany was using slave labor to increase their profits during World War II. The parent company in Dearborn was fully aware of what was going on and allowed it. Yet Ford was never brought to trial at Nuremberg for this practice, which amounted to crimes against humanity.

Isabella Jones
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Isabella Jones

Yes, my assumption has always been that they were planning to use Hitler as they always use people – to do their dirty work for them. Hitler was to bring down Britain and Europe, which America would command under the banner of having ‘freed” them from Hitler.
It’s been a recurring theme for a long time. Just think – they tried it in WWII 70+ years ago, they did it again in Iraq, Libya and Syria just yesterday>
As Mr. Putin pointed out, different Presidents, same theme over and over and over.

AmeliaCCalvillo
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AmeliaCCalvillo

Google is paying 97$ per hour,with weekly payouts.You can also avail this.
On tuesday I got a great new Land Rover Range Rover from having earned $11752 this last four weeks..with-out any doubt it’s the most-comfortable job I have ever done .. It sounds unbelievable but you wont forgive yourself if you don’t check it
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Le Ruscino
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Le Ruscino

I wish people would concentrate on the Pre-WW2 US-Nazi alliance !

Keith Smith
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Keith Smith

And how did USSR ‘liberation of Poland go? How many Millions of German POWs (men, women, children) died in the gulags or on the way to the gulags, 4 yrs of systematic abuse of Germans in Prussia from 1943 – 1947 estimated 2 million german women raped. Nazi Germany was also fighting communism and banksters remember. The guys who bankrolled stalin and now run the EU. Europe lost the war to communism. And how many german scientists were taken at forced gunpoint by the soviets?.

my2Cents
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my2Cents

Most people don’t know what Prussia IS or WAS? But everyone has an opinion!!
Go figure 🙁

Attrition47
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Attrition47

Why no condemnation of Western rapists? It’s a bit immoral to exploit rape against women to have a go at the Red Army when “army” had always been synonymous with “rape”.

Keith Smith
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Keith Smith

do not try and defend communism.

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

The USSR wasn’t communist after 1921; do your homework and mind your manners while you’re at it.

my2Cents
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my2Cents

What were they?

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

Look it up, it’s interesting; start with the suppression of the Kronstadt Mutiny of 1921.

my2Cents
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my2Cents

That’s not how it works buddy…You make a statement YOU defend it. …which means that it requires some facts…..
When you’ve grown up , get back to me.
Ciao

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

Krondstadt. Mutiny. 1921. look it up.

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

You need a crash course in comprehension…..WOW

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

Then you might refrain from the “orthodoxy” that all Soviets were rapists. That same orthodoxy describes Nazis as rabid killers…..We were occupied by Germany and those “Nazis” of which we had 2 living in our front parlor were extremely disciplined and friendly, according to my mother. They were well aware of the fact that we had an Austrian deserter (he became my uncle and I am still in touch with his children) with a death sentence on his head hiding in our home….that my father was in the resistance, but they never reported him. They played cards together in the… Read more »

Keith Smith
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Keith Smith

Watch Greatest Story Never Told 6.5 hr documentary. btw i have been called far right, far left, a nazi, a communist and everything else under the sun, the original article was bemoaning german scientists surviving the war, from a very pro russia news site. I didnt call ALL Russians rapists, but the red army was specifically told to rape and take women as booty. Stalin even set up a puppet polish government to get what they wanted. world changes, recorded history and what actually happened is warped. Russia today is a very different place now. I didnt say all soviets… Read more »

my2Cents
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my2Cents

I find myself in the extraordinary position, as a victim of German occupation, of rehabilitating Hitler….I’ve been called a Nazi and numerous other names. I have been researching WW1 and WW2 for the past 6 years when I discovered that I too was indoctrinated into the orthodox Holocaust myths. Russians, by “definition” were considered the rapists during WW2. That belongs in the same trash can as did the notion of German gas chambers which have long been debunked as does the description and the nefarious deeds committed by German soldiers. What is conspicuously absent in all these scenarios are the… Read more »

Keith Smith
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Keith Smith

am British, we learnt an entirely different history. i dont follow the narrative much. But to say German soldiers in the same vein as Russian soldiers is kinda just being lazy on allsides i guess. SS were the most culturally and ethnically diverse armies in history, soviets and nazis isn’t entirely accurate either. It does seem to be ideologies rather than a nations will in itself that cause the worst problems, ideologies attack nations, nations consistently have to defend against banksters and their whims. The same people who bankrolled Stalin are in control of the EU now. Germany is still… Read more »

my2Cents
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my2Cents

I suspect your history and mine were similar. It was not until my daughter, who wrote a theses on WW2 Propaganda, told me that the allies did not win the war that I said WHAAAT!!! War is a bitch….There is no black and white….I have had endless discussions with Americans what “no black and white” means. That during war we do things (the lesser of 2 evils) that we would normally never consider. doing. The same goes for Russians soldiers as well as German soldiers. My father, a member of the resistance called the invader “moffen” a derogatory name for… Read more »

Attrition47
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Attrition47

Chopped up? Germany lost about 20% of its 1914 territory, most of it inhabited by non-native German speakers. Britain had yet another civil war and lost about 20% of it’s land, much of that also being occupied by non-native English speakers

Wesa F.
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Wesa F.

When the Germans advanced through Russia all the able bodied males had a choice to join them or go to the work camps. The girls where put to work in there shall we say pleasure houses or into the fields to produce food for the German Army.Grand Ma and Grandad where got rid of mouths to feed carn’t have that.Roughly by the time the Germans had reached Moscow and Stalingrad around some 2 million Russians had died and around 11/2 million Russian Troops had been sent to the factories and work camps. When the Germans started to get pushed back… Read more »

Keith Smith
Guest
Keith Smith

not at all, bomber harris was a disgrace, i suggest you watch the 6 hr documentary Greatest Story Never Told

Keith Smith
Guest
Keith Smith

Do not try and tell me Stalins people were not happy to be liberated.

Wesa F.
Guest
Wesa F.

Another point of view, tell me another leader who could have done what Stalin accomplished,maybe Churchill

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

Churchill – the bloviating, narcissistic, bi-polar, alcoholic (did I miss anything? Oh yes who received people in the nude….who never saw an opportunity for war that did not make him absolutely giddy with joy!!
http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v09/v09p261_Irving.html

Keith Smith
Guest
Keith Smith

Churchill was a complete arsehole. Pol Pott or something killed a few million under communism tho

Wesa F.
Guest
Wesa F.

Who liberated Stalins People ?

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

Who were Stalin’s people exactly?

Keith Smith
Guest
Keith Smith

6.5 hr long documentary Greatest Story Never Told

incredulous
Guest
incredulous

So what? Russia did exactly the same.

Turbofan
Guest
Turbofan

actually no

Marc Leif
Guest
Marc Leif

There were 2 “WWII”s The Great Patriotic War in the east, which was a war against fascism. And the “WWII” in the west, which was a war between 2 competing versions of fascism.

Vera Gottlieb
Guest
Vera Gottlieb

Why bother with ethics as long as profits can be made.

William
Guest
William

“In Italy, like in most of western Europe, the ‘resistence’ had been led and greatly influenced by the survivors of the communists and socialists.” The resistance against fascists and Nazis consisted largely of Communists. They helped defeat the Nazis and were stabbed in the back by the Americans after the war. The resistance saved untold numbers of Jews, Romas and members of other out groups from death. Germany’s Communist party had been the main bulwark against the Nazi party, so as soon as Hitler became chancellor in 1933, he declared the Communist party illegal and thus Communists were the first… Read more »

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

Did you forget that the day after Hitler became chancellor Jews declared war on Hitler. They did it again in 1938…Small wonder he put them in camps.

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

Dickhead

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents
my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

“The USSR wasn’t communist after 1921; do your homework and mind your manners while you’re at it.”

Perhaps you can explain what the USSR WAS if not communist, and while talking about manners….oh never mind

How old are you?

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

Do as you’re told. ;o)

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

An empty suit…Oh well.

Josh Stern
Guest

Some related references: Jacobsen, Annie. Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program That Brought Nazi Scientists to America. First Back Bay paperback ed. New York, NY: Back Bay, Little & Brown, 2015. Lichtblau, Eric. The Nazis next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler’s Men. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014. Sutton, Antony C. Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler. San Pedro, California: GSG & Associates Publishers, 2002. Talbot, David. The Devil’s Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America’s Secret Government. New York, NY: Harper, 2015. Black, Edwin, and Richard Farkas. IBM and the Holocaust: The… Read more »

William
Guest
William

“Who Financed Hitler: The Secret Funding of Hitler’s Rise to Power, 1919 – 1933” by James Pool. This is an excellent but rarely cited book with lots of facts most people don’t know. Among other interesting facts, it reveals that there were Jewish sources of funding for the Nazis. Another book by the same author is “Hitler and His Secret Partners: Contributions, Loot and Rewards, 1933 – 1945′”. Pool emphasizes the rarely reported fact that by the 1930s, Hitler had become one of Europe’s richest men and owned one of Europe’s most valuable collections of art and rare books (Eduard… Read more »

my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

Please understand that Europe is by and large Socialist. So while in the resistance my father was not fighting socialism, he was fighting the “moffen” (derogatory name for Germans during the war) who had invaded our country because they knew that Britain was going to invade Germany through either Holland/Belgium or France. What were the British doing at Dunkirk around the 20th of May 1940? ….Seems like the “moffen” had good intelligence which is why they invaded Holland/Belgium and France to prevent the British from coming. Hitler called Henry Ford “My mentor” Prescott Bush was the President of Union Banking… Read more »

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47
my2Cents
Guest
my2Cents

And Wikipedia is an open source and far from being the arbiter of truth. This is standard orthodoxy which keeps the holocaust farce alive and well. It is a hoax. There was NO holocaust. There were no gas chambers….the carpet bombings by the US/UK caused Typhus epidemics – view pictures of emaciated bodies in mass graves..typical Typhus victims – The Anne Frank story is a hoax – Read Prof. Faurisson’s analysis . I believed like you until about 6 years ago. You need to get different sources and learn that nothing you think you know is in fact so. There… Read more »

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

In my articles, it is the arbiter of truth, certainly no less than the effusions of corp-0-rat publishing.

Attrition47
Guest
Attrition47

What was so bad about the nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939, that wasn’t bad about the Anglo-French–nazi Pact of 1938?

Isabella Jones
Guest
Isabella Jones

Mr. Quinn has fallen victim to the unthinking muttering of Western “intellectual elites” with this one bad statement “The Nazis would control the whole of mainland Europe and Eurasia, while the US would command the Western Hemisphere, the Far East,” Well, Mr. Quinn, if The US would command the “Far East” which we all understand to be so called “Asia” [so called by the West. The people of the Oriental countries didn’t used to use the term], which of course includes China, then who on earth are you referring to as “Eurasia”. After all, the Nazis have “Europe” and since… Read more »

Have a cigar!
Guest
Have a cigar!

That Pact bring Russians some time, they were pretty aware Hitler’s gonna break it. Now it’s a historical fact.

Latest

French opposition rejects Macron’s concessions to Yellow Vests, some demand ‘citizen revolution’

Mélenchon: “I believe that Act 5 of the citizen revolution in our country will be a moment of great mobilization.”

RT

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Via RT…


Macron’s concessions to the Yellow Vests has failed to appease protesters and opposition politicians, such as Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who called for “citizen’s revolution” to continue until a fair distribution of wealth is achieved.

Immediately after French President Macron declared a “social and economic state of emergency” in response to large-scale protests by members of the Yellow Vest movement, promising a range of concessions to address their grievances, left-wing opposition politician Mélenchon called on the grassroots campaign to continue their revolution next Saturday.

I believe that Act 5 of the citizen revolution in our country will be a moment of great mobilization.

Macron’s promise of a €100 minimum wage increase, tax-free overtime pay and end-of-year bonuses, Mélenchon argued, will not affect any “considerable part” of the French population. Yet the leader of La France Insoumise stressed that the “decision” to rise up rests with “those who are in action.”

“We expect a real redistribution of wealth,” Benoît Hamon, a former presidential candidate and the founder of the Mouvement Génération, told BFM TV, accusing Macron’s package of measures that benefit the rich.

The Socialist Party’s first secretary, Olivier Faure, also slammed Macron’s financial concessions to struggling workers, noting that his general “course has not changed.”

Although welcoming certain tax measures, Marine Le Pen, president of the National Rally (previously National Front), accused the president’s “model” of governance based on “wild globalization, financialization of the economy, unfair competition,” of failing to address the social and cultural consequences of the Yellow Vest movement.

Macron’s speech was a “great comedy,”according to Debout la France chairman, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, who accused the French President of “hypocrisy.”

Yet many found Melanchon’s calls to rise up against the government unreasonable, accusing the 67-year-old opposition politician of being an “opportunist” and “populist,” who is trying to hijack the social protest movement for his own gain.

Furthermore, some 54 percent of French believe the Yellow Vests achieved their goals and want rallies to stop, OpinionWay survey showed. While half of the survey respondents considered Macron’s anti-crisis measures unconvincing, another 49 percent found the president to be successful in addressing the demands of the protesters. Some 68 percent of those polled following Macron’s speech on Monday especially welcomed the increase in the minimum wage, while 78 percent favored tax cuts.

The Yellow Vest protests against pension cuts and fuel tax hikes last month were organized and kept strong via social media, without help from France’s powerful labor unions or official political parties. Some noted that such a mass mobilization of all levels of society managed to achieve unprecedented concessions from the government, which the unions failed to negotiate over the last three decades.

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Soros Mimics Hitler’s Bankers: Will Burden Europeans With Debt To ‘Save’ Them

George Soros is dissatisfied with the current EU refugee policy because it is still based on quotas.

The Duran

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After the Second World War, many economists racked their brains to answer the question of how Hitler managed to finance his armament, boost the economy and reduce unemployment.

Today his trick is well known. The economic miracle of Führer’s time became possible thanks to the so-called Mefo promissory notes.

The notes were the idea of the then President of the Reichsbank, Hjalmar Schacht, and served not only to finance the armament of the Wehrmacht for the Second World War, but also to create state jobs, which would otherwise not have been possible through the normal use of the money and capital markets, i.e. the annual increase in savings in Germany.

The Reich thus financed the armaments industry by accepting notes issued by the dummy company Metallurgische Forschungsgesellschaft GmbH (hence the name Mefo) rather than paying them in cash. The creation of money was in full swing from 1934 to 1938 – the total amount of notes issued at that time was 12 billion marks. The Reichsbank declared to the German banks that it was prepared to rediscount the Mefo notes, thus enabling the banks to discount them.

Because of their five-year term, the redemption of notes had to begin in 1939 at the latest. This threatened with enormous inflation. Since Schacht saw this as a threat to the Reichsmark, he expressed his doubts about the Reich Minister of Finance. But it did not help, and Schacht was quickly replaced by Economics Minister Walther Funk, who declared that the Reich would not redeem the Mefo notes, but would give Reich bonds to the Reichsbank in exchange. At the time of Funk, the autonomous Reichsbank statute was abolished, the Reichsbank was nationalized, and inflation exploded in such a way that Mefo notes with a circulation of 60 billion Reichsmark burdened the budget in post-war Germany.

George Soros also proposes such a money flurry in the style of Schacht and Funk.

Soros is dissatisfied with the current EU refugee policy because it is still based on quotas. He calls on the EU heads of state and governments to effectively deal with the migrant crisis through money flooding, which he calls “surge funding”.

“This would help to keep the influx of refugees at a level that Europe can absorb.”

Can absorb? Soros would be satisfied with the reception of 300,000 to 500,000 migrants per year. However, he is aware that the costs of his ethnic exchange plan are not financially feasible. In addition to the already enormous costs caused by migrants already in Europe, such a large number of new arrivals would add billions each year.

Soros calculates it at 30 billion euros a year, but argues that it would be worth it because “there is a real threat that the refugee crisis could cause the collapse of Europe’s Schengen system of open internal borders among twenty-six European states,” which would cost the EU between 47 and 100 billion euros in GDP losses.

Soros thus sees the financing of migrants and also of non-European countries that primarily receive migrants (which he also advocates) as a win-win relationship. He calls for the introduction of a new tax for the refugee crisis in the member states, including a financial transaction tax, an increase in VAT and the establishment of refugee funds. Soros knows, however, that such measures would not be accepted in the EU countries, so he proposes a different solution, which does not require a vote in the sovereign countries.

The new EU debt should be made by the EU taking advantage of its largely unused AAA credit status and issuing long-term bonds, which would boost the European economy. The funds could come from the European Stability Mechanism and the EU balance of payments support institution.

 “Both also have very similar institutional structures, and they are both backed entirely by the EU budget—and therefore do not require national guarantees or national parliamentary approval.“

In this way, the ESM and the BoPA (Balance of Payments Assistance Facility) would become the new Mefo’s that could issue bills of exchange, perhaps even cheques for Turks, Soros NGOs. Soros calculates that both institutions have a credit capacity of 60 billion, which should only increase as Portugal, Ireland and Greece repay each year the loans they received during the euro crisis. According to Soros, the old debts should be used to finance the new ones in such a way that it officially does not burden the budget in any of the EU Member States. The financial institutions that are to carry out this debt fraud must extend (indeed – cancel) their status, as the leader of the refugees expressed such a wish in his speech.

That Soros is striving to replace the indigenous European population with new arrivals from Africa and Asia is clear to anyone who observes its activities in Europe. The question is: what does he want to do this for and who is the real ruler, behind him, the real leader?

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The French People Feel Screwed

For the first time in his presidency, Macron is in trouble and Europe and America are looking on.

The Duran

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Authored by David Brown via The Gatestone Institute:


On December 4, French Prime Minister Édouard Phillipe told deputies of the ruling party, “La République en Marche”, that a proposed fuel tax rise, which had led to the largest protests France has seen in decades, would be suspended.

The protesters, called Gilets-Jaunes — “Yellow Vests,” because of the vests drivers are obliged by the government to carry in their vehicles in the event of a roadside breakdown — say that the fuel tax was the last straw from a president who took office with a promise to help the economically left-behind but instead has favoured the rich.

Even by French standards, the protests of the “Yellow Vests” during the weekend of December 1 were startling. Burning cars and vast plumes of grey smoke seemed to engulf the Arc De Triomphe as if Paris were at war. Comparisons were drawn with the Bread Wars of the 17th Century and the spirit of the Revolution of the 18th Century.

For more than two weeks, the “Yellow Vests” disrupted France. They paralyzed highways and forced roads to close — causing shortages across the country – and blocked fuel stations from Lille in the North to Marseilles in the South.

During protests in France’s capital, Paris, the “Yellow Vests” were soon joined by a more violent element, who began torching cars, smashing windows and looting stores. 133 were injured, 412 were arrested and more than 10,000 tear gas and stun grenades were fired.

One elderly lady was killed when she was struck by a stray grenade as she tried to shutter her windows against the melee.

There was talk of imposing a State of Emergency.

The “Yellow Vests” present the most significant opposition French President Emmanuel Macron has faced since coming to office in May 2017. Unlike previous protests in France, which have divided public opinion, these have widespread support – 72% according to a Harris Interactive Poll published December 1st.

Fuel tax rises — announced in November before being retracted on December — were intended to help bring down France’s carbon emissions by curbing the use of cars. Macron makes no secret of his wish to be seen as a global leader for environmental reform.

He forgets that back at home, among the people who elected him, fuel prices really matter to those outside big cities, where four-fifths of commuters drive to work and a third of them cover more than 30km each week.

The increases have incensed people in smaller communities, where they have already seen speed limits reduced to please the Greens and cuts to the local transport services.

These additional costs-of-living increases come at an extremely bad time for ordinary French people working outside of Paris. Lower-middle class families are not poor enough to receive welfare benefits but have seen their income flat-line whilst cost-of-living and taxes have risen.

An analysis by the Institut des Politiques Publiques think-tank shows that benefits cuts and tax changes in 2018 and 2019 will leave pensioners and the bottom fifth of households worse off, while the abolition of the wealth tax means that by far the biggest gains will go to the top 1%

This is tough to swallow. Macron is seen as being out of touch with ordinary people and is unlikely to escape his new title, “the President of the Rich.”

“People have this feeling that the Paris technocrats are doing complicated things to screw them,” said Charles Wyplosz, an economics professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.

It is probably not as complex as that. The French people feel screwed.

As employment and growth are slowing, Macron, for the first time in his presidency, is under serious pressure. Unemployment is at 9%; his efforts to reform Europe are stalling, and his approval rating has plummeted to just 23% according to a recent opinion poll by IFOP.

Images of Macron at the Arc De Triomphe daubed in graffiti calling for him to step down, or worse, have done little to bolster his image abroad.

So far, Macron had said he would not bow to street protests. To underline his point, in September 2017, he called protestors against French labour-market reform “slackers”.

The political U-Turn on the fuel tax is a turning point for the Macron presidency. The question is : What next, both for Macron and the “Yellow Vests”?

Macron most likely needs to plough ahead with his reform agenda, and doubtless knows he has the support of a solid majority in the National Assembly to do so. France is crippled by debt (nearly 100% of GDP) and its grossly bloated public sector. There are 5.2 million civil servants in France, and their number has increased by 36% since 1983. These represent 22% of the workforce compared to an OCDE average of 15%.

Tax-expert Jean-Philippe Delsol says France has 1.5 million too many “fonctionnaires [officials]. When you consider that public spending in France now accounts for 57 per cent of gross domestic product. Soon the system will no longer function as there will be less and less people working to support more and more people working less”.

Macron’s mistake, in addition to a seeming inclination for arrogance, is not to have made national economic reform his absolute priority right from his initial grace period after his election. Lower public expenses would have made it possible to lower taxes, hence creating what economists call a virtuous circle. Instead, he waited.

Now, at a time when he is deeply unpopular and social unrest is in full sway he is looking to make further reforms in unemployment benefits, scaling them back by reducing the payments and the length of time beneficiaries can receive the money. The “President of the Rich” strikes again.

There is talk that he may also re-introduce the wealth tax to try to placate the protestors.

Macron’s presidential term lasts until May 13, 2022. Understandably, Macron will be focused on the elections to the European Parliament expected to be held May 23-26, 2019. Headlines have signalled that Marine Le Pen and the National Rally (formally National Front) are ahead in the polls at 20%, compared to Macron’s En Marche at 19%.

The shift is understandable, given the divide between the countryside, where Le Pen has solid support, and the cities, where Macron’s centre-left prevail.

In contrast, the “Yellow Vests” have galvanised support after standing up for the “impotent ordinary”, and seem much buoyed by the solidarity they have been shown by both fire fighters and the police. There are images online of police removing their helmets and firefighters turning their backs on political authority to show their support for the protestors.

Whilst Macron’s political opposition may be fragmented, this new breed of coherent public opposition is something new. Leaderless, unstructured and organised online, the “Yellow Vests” have gained support from the left and right, yet resisted subjugation by either.

Being leaderless makes them difficult to negotiate withor to reason with in private. The “Yellow Vests” seem acutely aware of this strength, given their firm rebuttal of overtures for peace talks from the Macron government.

Enjoying huge support from the public and with reforms to the social welfare system on the horizon, the “Yellow Vests” are not going away.

For the first time in his Presidency, Macron is in trouble and Europe and America are looking on.

After Macron rebuked nationalism during his speech at the armistice ceremony, Trump was quick to remind the French President of his low approval rating and unemployment rate near 10%. A stinging broadside from Trump on twitter suggests that Macron may well be relegated to Trump’s list of global “Losers“:

“Emmanuel Macron suggests building its own army to protect Europe against the U.S., China and Russia. But it was Germany in World Wars One & Two – How did that work out for France? They were starting to learn German in Paris before the U.S. came along. Pay for NATO or not!”

The “impotent ordinary” in the United Kingdom, who might feel betrayed over Brexit, and the nationalists in Germany, who have suffered under Merkel , are no doubt staring in wonder at the “Yellow Vests”, wishing for the same moxie.

The historian Thomas Carlyle, chronicler of the French Revolution, said the French were unrivaled practitioners in the “art of insurrection”, and characterised the French mob as the “liveliest phenomena of our world”.

Mobs in other countries, by comparison, he argued were “dull masses” lacking audacity and inventiveness. The blazing yellow vests of the French protest movement , however, have made Macron appear increasingly dull and weak too.

David Brown is based in the United Kingdom.

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