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Russia’s HEAVY caliber artillery is back in service

Russia’s HEAVY caliber artillery is back in service

Last year, Lieutenant-General Mikhail Matveyevsky,  Commander of Russia’s Army Missile Troops and Artillery, stated that  Russia’s ground forces will  have 50-100% more firepower by 2021. The upgrade of these “old warriors” that have been taken out of storage is underway, along with the addition of new systems. Brand-new equipment is being installed.  Barrels, recoil mechanisms, and other components are being replaced or refitted.

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The modernization of Russia’s “big guns” — the 2S4 Tyulpan (Tulip) 240-millimeter mortar and the 2S7 Pion 203-millimeter howitzer — has attracted the attention of US military analysts. The Cold War weapons are being refurbished to adapt them for modern warfare. The program of modernization started about a year ago.   Nothing like it is being done anywhere else in the world.

All in all, more than 400 Tyulpans and the same number of Pions have been produced. The exact number of artillery guns that will be added to the arsenal after the modernization has not been released, but the upgrade is in full swing. Analysis of the Russian military press provides some clues as to why the old big guns are back in the ranks.

Last summer, the Uraltranmash company, a subsidiary of Uralvagonzavod, showcased the modernized version of the 2S4 Tyulpan self-propelled mortar with new onboard systems and communications equipment. The 240mm self-propelled mortar is the largest artillery system in the world. It can fire high-explosivearmor-piercinglaser-guided, and cluster munitions as well as tactical nuclear rounds that can destroy hardened defensive positions. The primary ammunition is a high-explosive 53-F-864 mortar projectile that contains 32 kg of explosive charge.  Its rate of fire: one round per minute. With rocket-assisted projectiles its range is up to twenty kilometers or more. The mortar was also designed to fire the 3B11, a special nuclear munition developed specifically for this artillery system, which yields an explosive force of 2 tons of TNT — enough to wipe out an army brigade.

The thirty-ton artillery piece is installed on a tracked GMZ vehicle chassis. The system is operated by a crew of nine who are protected by up to twenty millimeters of armor.

The 2S7 Pion is a self-propelled system based on a T-80 chassis carrying an externally mounted 2A44 203mm howitzer on the hull rear, which is capable of firing nuclear munitions. Its rate of fire: 2.5 rounds per minute and its range: roughly 35 km. It can be extended up to 55.5 km, if rocket-assisted projectiles are used. For instance, the 110kg ZFO35 high-explosive fragmentation projectile can hit enemy targets at distances of up to 50 km.

With new automated fire-control systems, these weapons have a future. They make it possible to save precision-guided munitions for specific targets, while destroying those that can be knocked out with powerful conventional artillery shells. Some Russian sources mention the possibility of using the systems for launching hypervelocity missiles.    The modernization plans include the ability to fire high-precision munitions with a weight of 133 kg from a distance of 100 km. The accuracy will be improved if drones provide targeting data.

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The artillery systems have an important advantage over missiles.  They are immune to the effects of electronic warfare. The weapons need neither GLONASS nor GPS.  An artillery munition with sophisticated devices attached that enable it to guide the artillery with great accuracy is much cheaper than any missile or a smart bomb.  Such a system will be a valuable asset if the mission is to attack targets in the mountains.

Putting heavy caliber artillery back in service is an effective way to substantially increase firepower at a low cost. The big guns have certain advantages compared to contemporary sophisticated systems. With precision-strike capability and the proper equipment installed, they’ll be able to engage in network-centric warfare. The old soldiers are back on duty.

Via Strategic Culture

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A.F.
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A.F.

Ukraine’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs is preparing a new draft resolution on Crimea for consideration at the UN General Assembly late this year. REUTERS Ukrainian President Petro says the United Nations General Assembly will adopt a resolution calling Russia an occupying state. Read also Poroshenko calls on UN General Assembly to promptly address militarization of occupied Crimea “The result of my participation in the UN General Assembly and meetings with world leaders is an assurance of strengthening unity in the world for solidarity with our state. The UN resolution on Crimea, in which Russia will be called a state that… Read more »

Sean
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Sean

Who cares what Piroshenko or his Ukronazi army or his shills say? Crimea is part of Russia and it is going to stay that way.
And what has any of this got to do with the article under dissusion?

A.F.
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A.F.

Crimea is Ukraine, by every law. Only nazzies regard the stolen property as Russian.

AM Hants
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AM Hants

LOL – not according to the people of Crimea. They had no choice, back in 1954, when the leader of the Communist Party, following a 15 minute meeting, with only 13 out of 27 members of the Senate, helped himself.

AM Hants
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AM Hants

4 July 1776 – US using self determination gained independence from Great Britain. Scottish Referendum – using self determination, for Scotland to be independent of the United Kingdom, or stay aligned. Falkland Islands Referendum – using self determination, for the people of the Falkland Islands to stay aligned to the UK, or align with Argentina. BREXIT – using self determination, for the UK to be independent or stay with the EU. 1945 Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met in Yalta, Crimea, Russia, to discuss laying down the foundations of the United Nations, the Charter would be based on self determination. Ironically,… Read more »

AM Hants
Member
AM Hants

4 July 1776 – US using self determination gained independence from Great Britain. Scottish Referendum – using self determination, for Scotland to be independent of the United Kingdom, or stay aligned. Falkland Islands Referendum – using self determination, for the people of the Falkland Islands to stay aligned to the UK, or align with Argentina. BREXIT – using self determination, for the UK to be independent or stay with the EU. 1945 Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met in Yalta, Crimea, Russia, to discuss laying down the foundations of the United Nations, the Charter would be based on self determination. Ironically,… Read more »

Tom Welsh
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Tom Welsh

Interesting. But why is this article illustrated with a photograph of a Grad?

A.F.
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A.F.

MORE PASSENGERPLANES LIKE MH17 TO DOWN?

AM Hants
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AM Hants

Why did Kolomoisky apologise for taking down the wrong plane? Whose plane was he expecting?

ruca
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ruca

Exactly!

ruca
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ruca

Yes by your own airfarce.

Floriangeyer
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Floriangeyer

The upgrading of Soviet Era artillery makes perfect sense. These weapons can lay down devastating fire that is semi independent of the more up to date systems. So if modern day communications are lost due to any cause, these weapons will still be able to hold the line and eradicate aggressors. It is another addition to layered defence. One of these heavy mortars is being used to great effect against US coalition terrorists using ‘dead ground’ to conceal their fortifications and communication trenches. Russia has always been strong in artillery. Such systems are also more capable in bad weather conditions.

George Hartwell
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‘Putting heavy caliber artillery back in service is an effective way to substantially increase firepower at a low cost.’ Another cost savings for Russia. They know how to increase effectiveness for minimum cost.

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