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Interactive map shows all US invasions from Argentina in 1890 to Syria in 2014

All the countries that the United States has invaded in one map.

Alex Christoforou

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Trump is increasing America’s military presence in Afghanistan…a move that extends the US military incursion in Afghanistan well past 16 years

Indy100 has created an map of U.S. military incursions outside its own borders from Argentina in 1890 to Syria in 2014…yes the US has invaded Syria contrary to what is being reported in the mainstream media.

Via Zerohedge

From Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli, the US has had a military presence across the world, from almost day one of its independence. For those who have ever wanted a clearer picture of the true reach of the United States military – both historically and currently – but shied away due to the sheer volume of research required to find an answer, The Anti Media points out that a crew at the Independent just made things a whole lot simpler.

Using data compiled by a Geography and Native Studies professor from Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, the indy100 team created an interactive map of U.S. military incursions outside its own borders from Argentina in 1890 to Syria in 2014.

Indy100 defines what constitutes an invasion…

Deployment of the military to evacuate American citizens, covert military actions by US intelligence, providing military support to an internal opposition group, providing military support in one side of a conflict, use of the army in drug enforcement actions.

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Avramijevdan
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Avramijevdan

Such map might be interesting to see but it is much more interesting to try to understand what was really happening in some specific part of the world this map relates to, hence the very short snapshot in time that relates to Soviet Union. Even such snapshot will necessarily incite questions but I will keep those short as well although anyone with thinking ability would easily realise that this particular moment in time could easily facilitate large text explaining causes and players. Bolsheviks promised peace, freedom and food for impoverished Russians. When Bolsheviks took factories and riches away from capitalists… Read more »

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

For support I just copy in my recent post, which provides even USAmericans with examples of proper historiography in their language. I have found out even one US historian, though of Russian background, who had full access to Soviet archives in the early 90s, and who, instead of writing typical US bullshit narratives in full emotionalising Hollywood design, delivered a very precise reconstruction of the year preceding up to the year following the October Revolution. His name is Alexander Rabinowitch. As his work gives thorough insights into primary sources (including, what every solid historian does, surgical looks at the context… Read more »

BobValdez
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BobValdez

None of your links work.

Avramijevdan
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

Not for nothing guys, but now I’m totally confused.

So I’ll read that stuff. May you guys summarize your positions ANYwhere I can read them not dispersed by comments back and forth…

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Russian Revolution was Russian thing, civil war wasn’t. Eight western or western ruled states fought against Bolsheviks in civil war. No foreign state aligned with Bolsheviks. It is enough on its own to show where are bankers allegiances. Bolsheviks were not financed by foreign bankers. On the contrary they were even forbidden any access to foreign banks so they had to use Swedish banker Olof Aschberg in order to sell the gold they had so they could finance their newly created state. There is not a single document, not even a single one showing any of the Bolsheviks were financed… Read more »

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

k, if you have the stuff in Russian, and its online I can translate it. I have no problem with doing that page by page if necessary.

Damn, my typing is being echo’d…must be going through tons of servers now…

Hi derp state, what’s up!

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

You think you can get the grip of sophisticated historiography on the base of online translations? Incredible! Have you any idea how to interpret real sources? Have you any knowledge about the political structure of the countries you harbour “an opinion” about? Where did you get your education from? Mormonic ‘home training’? A hysterical ‘bible-belt’ mummy? By a pentacostal preacher who teaches “creationism”? What about a farewell with all your USAdist pals to some website called “US Insider”? There you can dwell all day in fairy tales that “Jews” are behind everything. But stop committing abusive acts on history of… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Not easy one. I used to frequent some Russian based boards and would pick up texts or videos recommended by other people. For 20 years. For example, I was not even aware of this lady and recently one other commentator on RI suggested this video. It is about peasant question in Russia. And here is the transcript of that video. https://oper.ru/video/view.php?t=2114 Lot of lies about Soviet Union are based on rosy picture of Russia before the WW1. Most of these rosy pictures have nothing with reality to do. I am not saying collectivisation was the best thing ever but there… Read more »

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

Well, as I read about 1917 Russia, I get an unnerving feeling of today, just with race, gender and sexual orientation replacing class in the arguments of the Social Revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks and the Meshoviks or something…

The US today looks to me like a rerun of the communist revolution, my friend…

Can you see what’s going on in the US? What do you think?

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Revolution in Russia was born out of injustice in society and desire for freedom. There is nothing like that in US if you ask me. US is society of complacent people who might argue with each other over the race or some equally irrelevant and misinterpreted subject. US is already a fascist society and as any fascist society it must feed on wars. The only question is will it turn full retard before it implodes.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

Well, that Russians have nothing at all to do with Russian Civil War cannot be said either. That USAdistan had already supported Japanese in the Japanese-Russian war in 1905, and that they attacked the SU around 1918 and had before messed in the Russian civil war, is known. But testimonies of contemporarean authors like Schalamow and Michael Blogakow show clearly about different factions of Russsians involved too. Bulgakov’s novel “The White Guards”, of which a stage version exists Stalin was said to have seen about twenty times, based on studies of family records (publication 1925), and presents the struggle of… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Of course, it was fratricide. By not being Russian I meant it would not last nearly as much nor would it be as horrific was it not for foreign powers.

Bulgakov “Flight” was turn into a movie in 1970. I think most of the Russians will be familiar with that movie and it is great depiction of the times.

bluewater
Guest
bluewater

I thought of you…that you should have known this

http://omnithought.org/blog

http://omnithought.org/blog

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

The links are down. I did wake up early to play with guys in EUistan. I’m just wasting time until I die really… So I’m not sure if I misunderstood them, or I read it still sleeping.

bluewater
Guest
bluewater

Links are there because it is a PDF….it is AI blocking it

do not use google or windows explorer,AOL..they are now preventing you to see anything that tells the truth..use firefox and TOR which are much better

http://omnithought.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Trusts-and-Court.pdf

http://omnithought.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/legal-name-addiction-by-kate-of-kaia.pdf

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

Got it…SOB! I used a private window. Damn, how close the mirrors of the mirror house are closing in on us!

Is it just the US that is heavily restricting content?

bluewater
Guest
bluewater

YES the US is going to be destroyed..COMMUNISM is the AGENDA

USE KAPERSKY ANTIVIRUS …YES FROM RUSSIA..so the info is not sent to THE NSA

IF YOU WANT TO FLUSTER THE NSA DATA RAPE, USE KAPERSKY.

bluewater
Guest
bluewater

CIA Agent Whistleblower Risks All to Expose the Shadow Governmenthttps://forbiddenknowledgetv.net/cia-agent-whistleblower-risks-all-to-expose-the-shadow-government/

bluewater
Guest
bluewater

Young teenage millennials are being preyed upon for their blood
by the older, super-wealthy elite – who are trying to make themselves
immortal.

http://asheepnomore.net/2017/08/29/bbc-wealthy-elite-are-literally-feasting-on-the-blood-of-poor-millennials/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ASheepNoMore+%28A+Sheep+No+More+%29

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

What do you expect presentations of real world events to be like? Like a comic strip about a handful of demonic magicians, possessing magical wands, a glass ball and a giant remote control bewitching supernaturally millions worldwide to act in most sinister ways while they would otherwise have behaved like white lillies? Do you expect that anybody has the slightest bit of respect for somebody who considers cheap video stagings of second-class actors, like that stooge in the above video, serious testimonies of anything? Perversion certainly exists on this planet, but it is hardly restricted to any cabal (just look… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

Thanks. I did not think of it.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

A cute little piece. Our esteeemed and prolix correspondent asks “Why the obsession with jews?” He will never have heard of the Cheka; if he had, he would not ask such a facile and ridiculous question. Neither will he have heard of Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai, a great favourite of this wicked people, whose greatest contribution to world literature was the immortal one-liner, “Even the best of the Gentiles should be killed.” See if you can discover the reference, in the appended link, written by a jewish historian, to “The greatest mass murderer of the 20th century”; and if you… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Is Israeli newspaper primary source? Is Churchill historian or even better, is he anything but cunt? What do you want oh confused one? Whatever it is, don’t look for it here.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

I note you craftily sidestep the universally-acknowledged role of the predominantly-jewish Cheka in the so-called Russian Revolution, or Regime Change, as we would call it today. And I think Churchill is probably more credible a witness than yourself. The jewish historian I linked to was noteworthy less for his own opinions, than for the references to historical fact which he adduced, so you are guilty of the rhetorical device known as the ad hominem, by attempting to discredit him, rather than his message. Always the tactic of the intellectually bankrupt, of course.. But as you suggest, I will certainly not… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

There is nothing predominantly or universally-acknowledged (what sort of thing is that?) Jewish in Soviet Union. Nothing. Nor is Cheka some sort of Baba Yaga, it is simply a secret police in rather difficult times.

That you are siding with Churchill an anti-Russian cunt is nothing surprising. Birds of same feather flock together. What will you do or not do is up to you, so please feel free to continue your way.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

To explain the meanings of these words to which you have never been introduced, “Predominantly”, ie largely, mostly, having a numerical majority; as in “The Cheka was predominantly staffed by jews”, as in 38% of its number at the height of its excesses; “Universally acknowledged”, as in, most people with any familiarity whatsoever with the facts of the case agree that the Russian revolution was a jewish conspiracy funded out of NYC by Jakob Schiff of Kuhn Loeb; and this in response to the refusal of the Tsar to entertain a jewish-controlled central bank in Russia; and that the political… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

I see you did not understand me so I will repeat it to you. I don’t enjoy conversing with ignorant cunts. Go back to your cuntland.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

Rather, what you don’t enjoy is having your narrative exposed as vacuous.

Constantine
Guest
Constantine

You seem ignorant of a number of issues. Imperial Russia was heavily indebted to western governments and banks where certain affluent Jews were involved. The Bolshevik government, already from early 1918, had unilaterally erased Russia’s debts and nationalized the banks. Unless you believe that ”Gentile” bankers are better than Jewish ones, that shouldn’t hurt your feelings. Especially since western banks were not allowed to enter the country for decades onward. As for regime change, it would help you to know that the Tsar, who was an utterly incompetent monarch BTW, wasn’t even toppled by the Bolsheviks since they had no… Read more »

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

All likes of him repeat (verbatim) Nazi propaganda and trying to talk to such is as effective as talking to a washing machine. Continue to press him long enough and he will proudly declare himself a Nazi.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

That’s something these narcisstic and resentful morons will never understand: that their primitive antisemitc narratives present the involved populations they brand as ‘victims of Jews’ as mere vegetables. As if a historical process in which millions were involved could be explained, if they point at a handful of Jewish names or mention some Jewish US-bankers (allways leaving out non-Jewish supporters of foreign troubles) that allegedly are supposed to have invested some pocket money in one or the other head of Bolsheviks. Their blind and illogical antisemitsm proves that they share the same chauvinistic, reactionary and US-centred view of the world… Read more »

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

Much prolixity, but little in the way of reasoned argument.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

Lunacy of US-Nazi-delusion which is based on ficticious and not even likely assumptions of the most imbecile and presumptious kind against millionfold testimonies of witnesses, hundredthousandfold documentations based on millions of undisputable primary sources in German, Russian and other Slavic countries’ archives does neither need nor deserve ‘argumentation’. The real truth of the Octobre Revolution, about Bolshevism, about Nazism and WW2, as laid down in solid historiography in our countries, is as undisputable as the very existence of planet earth. USNazis neither know nor have any claim to open up their dirty mouths on European 20th century history. It is… Read more »

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

This is called “ranting”, Anja.
Next time, put everything in capital letters, so everybody will fully understand that you are an undischarged lunatic.
Oh, and btw, I did not detect one fact in anything you said.
All was assertion, and hearsay, and bile.
And thus, inadmissible in any court of law this side of Wonderland.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

Piss off, US-Nazis, or we will make you piss off.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

I love a dominant woman, Anja.
You remind me of the Bitch of Belsen.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

I have not much in common with her, as I never follow orders, but just do what I think right. And above all: if I ever cut a person’s throat, and if scum like you multiplies, I will be fit to do that, that person will certainly be a Nazi.

And guess what: There are hundrethousands of women like me in Germany today, and we will defend our country against all brown scum that ever dares to set a foot on our soil. You can count on it.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

I think you might be a bit too late to defend your country from “brown scum”, Anja.
They are already in the front door, and more on the way.
But check up on the history of Himmler, he had a murderous way with foreigners too.
You seem to be cut from the same cloth.

Anja Boettcher
Guest
Anja Boettcher

I have nothing against foreigners. Nothing at all.

But I and most other Germans will make sure that Nazis like you will be adequately dealt with on German soil.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

Clearly, the Bitch has a heart of gold. However, these foreigners have a great deal against you. They wish to subordinate you to their religious doctrines, which in the case of the jew, see you as subhuman, and ritually unclean, and all your children as bastards, and both you and they worthy of death. As they say, “Even the best of the Gentiles should be killed.” The mohammedan, equally, wishes to subject you to his moon god, and if you will not submit, then you must pay the dhimmi, and in due course, be eliminated, as we see from the… Read more »

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

We must agree to differ.

Getagrippse
Guest
Getagrippse

I wouldn’t, Churchill was a cold blooded killer who wanted war regardless

Norman
Guest
Norman

Ever so often one appears among us children men who’s”opinions” resonates beautifully with prophecies/revelations even though their personalities leaves much to be desired. You could easily make the mistake of throwing out the baby with the bathwater. Nobody’s loss but your own.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

Probably less a cold-blooded killer, although he was that too, of course, as witnessed by his order to Harris to firebomb Dresden whilst it was full of civilians fleeing from the Great Redeeming Force of communist sovietry; rather, an ordinary man with bills to pay, and only one way in which this could be achieved.

Norman
Guest
Norman

Truth will be thrown to the ground, times and events will be changed, the whole world will follow the despicable one with the whore(Jews)at the forefront. If the culmination of these events weren’t shortened by God, none would be saved.let the evil become more evil and the holy more holy.our own mouths testify and confirm to what we are; evil or holy. Give the evil over to their own devices.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

We see this of course in the nature of the comments here.

Helen B
Guest
Helen B

Churchill’s mother was Jewish.

Tim Webb
Guest
Tim Webb

This is true, of course, but Churchill was originally a great antisemite, so it does not appear that the zionist-Talmudic narrative comes with one’s mother’s milk. Churchill fell victim to these parasites when, in 1936, he accepted the sum of £40,000 from the jewish chairman of the Shell Oil Company, one Stanley Cohen, a member of the “Focus” group, which had been feeding Churchill other sums of money ( he had a large estate to maintain, Chartwell, and on an MP’s salary at the time, ie £500 pa, he had found things difficult ) for a number of years. At… Read more »

DarkEyes
Guest
DarkEyes

You are quite misinformed, my good man.
Please, of course I cannot stop you but may be advised, do not try again for I understand
a) you are convinced what you are presenting here or
b) you are being provocative here and think we are history-dumped down or
c) somebody else is misusing your Username.

You read the wrong history “books”, Avramijevdan.

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

When I wish to find out about Russia I read Russians. When I wish to find out about Russian history I read Russian historians. It is that simple. Provocative or not most of the people who comment and write on this page simply fell for Solzhenitsyn, the fiction writer. They think what that idiot wrote is a history. Some more intelectual are using so called “Russian studies”. Members of that highly esteemed society are not able to find their own arses and how on earth would they ever find anything about Russia when they never ever had any access to… Read more »

AM Hants
Member
AM Hants

Since 4 July 1776 when the US gained independence from Great Britain, courtesy of self determination/will of the people (just like Crimea used the same argument) the US sadly has been at war for 222 years. With only 19 years total peace. Now that is sad for the tax payer of the US, who has no choice, but, to fund the military industrial complex and their lust for destruction.

comment image

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

Thank you for the graphic. You should go back farther. The Spanish-American war I’m almost sure was for corporate interests as well, as all the US’ wars have been it seems. I have to look it up, but amazingly, it is TRUE, more than 90% of the time, the “exporter” of democracy has been at war with somebody. Who are the hessians of the NWO? WE are. America Has Been At War 93% of the Time – 222 Out of 239 Years – Since 1776 Year-by-year Timeline of America’s Major Wars (1776-2011) 1776 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamagua Wars, Second… Read more »

AM Hants
Member
AM Hants

Sad isn’t it? Yet, I bet the citizens of the US wanted no part of it?

Thanks for the detail in your reply. Nice work,

Jeffrey Spinner
Guest
Jeffrey Spinner

Dude, I grew up thinking the US was doing what I was taught it was doing.

Then I saw a drunk black man yelling at me the CIA is the drug importers and dealers in the 1980s…I said no way!

Then I saw the Iranians say the US is the great satan…I said, how could that be!?

Now I know better, because now I am a man, and only hold truth probable, if I verify it for myself. Holy crap, was I taught a total heaping hot pile of horseshit.

AM Hants
Member
AM Hants

Not just you. I am over in the UK and happily believed all that we were told, by our leaders and the media. Then I started following events in Ukraine and woke up. So agree with what you say and so sad, what they get upto in our name.

Shahna
Guest

“Coming soon” seems to have been clamped down on……
Not for want of trying.

Daisy Adler
Guest
Daisy Adler

President Trump: “We are killing terrorists.”

Sounds like the song “Kill for Peace”:
Kill, kill, kill for peace
Kill, kill, kill for peace
Near or Middle or very Far East
Far or near or very Middle East
Kill, kill, kill for peace
Kill, kill, kill for peace
If you don’t like the people
Or the way that they talk
If you don’t like their manners
Or they way that they walk,
Kill, kill, kill for peace
Kill, kill, kill for peace”.

Shahna
Guest

US invaded Russia 1918-1922?
Why?

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Not only US but also Britain, Australia, Canada, Japan, France as well as occupied China joined the fight against Bolsheviks. Horrors of civil war in Russia are to a large extent due to western countries support of anti revolutionist forces and their creation of what should be correctly called terrorists. Why US joined fight against Bolsheviks? Are you serious? You don’t buy into propaganda Bolsheviks are created by the west and bankers, do you? Soviet Union was seen in the west as a very serious threat since their own subjects might start asking for freedom as well. They took good… Read more »

Shahna
Guest

“Not only US but also Britain, Australia, Canada, Japan, France as well
as occupied China joined the fight against Bolsheviks. Horrors of civil
war in Russia are to a large extent due to western countries support of
anti revolutionist forces and their creation of what should be correctly
called terrorists.”

—————-
Ta. Yes.
Covert support is not a military invasion – did these countries officially put boots on the ground in Russia at that time?

(I’m asking for boots because no-one was conducting serial mass murder by airstrike or drone bomb in those days.)

Avramijevdan
Guest
Avramijevdan

Yes they did. Britain was in Baku until the bitter end. US had soldiers in far east and so on.

Shahna
Guest

Thanks – that’s what I was asking!

gragor11a
Guest
gragor11a

Funny they missed Japan . . .

Also the islands in the Pacific where they exploded atomic bombs and relocated the populations for example. Not a complete map to my way of thinking.

Franz Kafka
Guest
Franz Kafka

Why omit Canada? US attacked it when it was British territory (stolen from Indians) in 1812.

Latest

French opposition rejects Macron’s concessions to Yellow Vests, some demand ‘citizen revolution’

Mélenchon: “I believe that Act 5 of the citizen revolution in our country will be a moment of great mobilization.”

RT

Published

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By

Via RT…


Macron’s concessions to the Yellow Vests has failed to appease protesters and opposition politicians, such as Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who called for “citizen’s revolution” to continue until a fair distribution of wealth is achieved.

Immediately after French President Macron declared a “social and economic state of emergency” in response to large-scale protests by members of the Yellow Vest movement, promising a range of concessions to address their grievances, left-wing opposition politician Mélenchon called on the grassroots campaign to continue their revolution next Saturday.

I believe that Act 5 of the citizen revolution in our country will be a moment of great mobilization.

Macron’s promise of a €100 minimum wage increase, tax-free overtime pay and end-of-year bonuses, Mélenchon argued, will not affect any “considerable part” of the French population. Yet the leader of La France Insoumise stressed that the “decision” to rise up rests with “those who are in action.”

“We expect a real redistribution of wealth,” Benoît Hamon, a former presidential candidate and the founder of the Mouvement Génération, told BFM TV, accusing Macron’s package of measures that benefit the rich.

The Socialist Party’s first secretary, Olivier Faure, also slammed Macron’s financial concessions to struggling workers, noting that his general “course has not changed.”

Although welcoming certain tax measures, Marine Le Pen, president of the National Rally (previously National Front), accused the president’s “model” of governance based on “wild globalization, financialization of the economy, unfair competition,” of failing to address the social and cultural consequences of the Yellow Vest movement.

Macron’s speech was a “great comedy,”according to Debout la France chairman, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, who accused the French President of “hypocrisy.”

Yet many found Melanchon’s calls to rise up against the government unreasonable, accusing the 67-year-old opposition politician of being an “opportunist” and “populist,” who is trying to hijack the social protest movement for his own gain.

Furthermore, some 54 percent of French believe the Yellow Vests achieved their goals and want rallies to stop, OpinionWay survey showed. While half of the survey respondents considered Macron’s anti-crisis measures unconvincing, another 49 percent found the president to be successful in addressing the demands of the protesters. Some 68 percent of those polled following Macron’s speech on Monday especially welcomed the increase in the minimum wage, while 78 percent favored tax cuts.

The Yellow Vest protests against pension cuts and fuel tax hikes last month were organized and kept strong via social media, without help from France’s powerful labor unions or official political parties. Some noted that such a mass mobilization of all levels of society managed to achieve unprecedented concessions from the government, which the unions failed to negotiate over the last three decades.

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Latest

Soros Mimics Hitler’s Bankers: Will Burden Europeans With Debt To ‘Save’ Them

George Soros is dissatisfied with the current EU refugee policy because it is still based on quotas.

The Duran

Published

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Via GEFIRA:


After the Second World War, many economists racked their brains to answer the question of how Hitler managed to finance his armament, boost the economy and reduce unemployment.

Today his trick is well known. The economic miracle of Führer’s time became possible thanks to the so-called Mefo promissory notes.

The notes were the idea of the then President of the Reichsbank, Hjalmar Schacht, and served not only to finance the armament of the Wehrmacht for the Second World War, but also to create state jobs, which would otherwise not have been possible through the normal use of the money and capital markets, i.e. the annual increase in savings in Germany.

The Reich thus financed the armaments industry by accepting notes issued by the dummy company Metallurgische Forschungsgesellschaft GmbH (hence the name Mefo) rather than paying them in cash. The creation of money was in full swing from 1934 to 1938 – the total amount of notes issued at that time was 12 billion marks. The Reichsbank declared to the German banks that it was prepared to rediscount the Mefo notes, thus enabling the banks to discount them.

Because of their five-year term, the redemption of notes had to begin in 1939 at the latest. This threatened with enormous inflation. Since Schacht saw this as a threat to the Reichsmark, he expressed his doubts about the Reich Minister of Finance. But it did not help, and Schacht was quickly replaced by Economics Minister Walther Funk, who declared that the Reich would not redeem the Mefo notes, but would give Reich bonds to the Reichsbank in exchange. At the time of Funk, the autonomous Reichsbank statute was abolished, the Reichsbank was nationalized, and inflation exploded in such a way that Mefo notes with a circulation of 60 billion Reichsmark burdened the budget in post-war Germany.

George Soros also proposes such a money flurry in the style of Schacht and Funk.

Soros is dissatisfied with the current EU refugee policy because it is still based on quotas. He calls on the EU heads of state and governments to effectively deal with the migrant crisis through money flooding, which he calls “surge funding”.

“This would help to keep the influx of refugees at a level that Europe can absorb.”

Can absorb? Soros would be satisfied with the reception of 300,000 to 500,000 migrants per year. However, he is aware that the costs of his ethnic exchange plan are not financially feasible. In addition to the already enormous costs caused by migrants already in Europe, such a large number of new arrivals would add billions each year.

Soros calculates it at 30 billion euros a year, but argues that it would be worth it because “there is a real threat that the refugee crisis could cause the collapse of Europe’s Schengen system of open internal borders among twenty-six European states,” which would cost the EU between 47 and 100 billion euros in GDP losses.

Soros thus sees the financing of migrants and also of non-European countries that primarily receive migrants (which he also advocates) as a win-win relationship. He calls for the introduction of a new tax for the refugee crisis in the member states, including a financial transaction tax, an increase in VAT and the establishment of refugee funds. Soros knows, however, that such measures would not be accepted in the EU countries, so he proposes a different solution, which does not require a vote in the sovereign countries.

The new EU debt should be made by the EU taking advantage of its largely unused AAA credit status and issuing long-term bonds, which would boost the European economy. The funds could come from the European Stability Mechanism and the EU balance of payments support institution.

 “Both also have very similar institutional structures, and they are both backed entirely by the EU budget—and therefore do not require national guarantees or national parliamentary approval.“

In this way, the ESM and the BoPA (Balance of Payments Assistance Facility) would become the new Mefo’s that could issue bills of exchange, perhaps even cheques for Turks, Soros NGOs. Soros calculates that both institutions have a credit capacity of 60 billion, which should only increase as Portugal, Ireland and Greece repay each year the loans they received during the euro crisis. According to Soros, the old debts should be used to finance the new ones in such a way that it officially does not burden the budget in any of the EU Member States. The financial institutions that are to carry out this debt fraud must extend (indeed – cancel) their status, as the leader of the refugees expressed such a wish in his speech.

That Soros is striving to replace the indigenous European population with new arrivals from Africa and Asia is clear to anyone who observes its activities in Europe. The question is: what does he want to do this for and who is the real ruler, behind him, the real leader?

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The French People Feel Screwed

For the first time in his presidency, Macron is in trouble and Europe and America are looking on.

The Duran

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Authored by David Brown via The Gatestone Institute:


On December 4, French Prime Minister Édouard Phillipe told deputies of the ruling party, “La République en Marche”, that a proposed fuel tax rise, which had led to the largest protests France has seen in decades, would be suspended.

The protesters, called Gilets-Jaunes — “Yellow Vests,” because of the vests drivers are obliged by the government to carry in their vehicles in the event of a roadside breakdown — say that the fuel tax was the last straw from a president who took office with a promise to help the economically left-behind but instead has favoured the rich.

Even by French standards, the protests of the “Yellow Vests” during the weekend of December 1 were startling. Burning cars and vast plumes of grey smoke seemed to engulf the Arc De Triomphe as if Paris were at war. Comparisons were drawn with the Bread Wars of the 17th Century and the spirit of the Revolution of the 18th Century.

For more than two weeks, the “Yellow Vests” disrupted France. They paralyzed highways and forced roads to close — causing shortages across the country – and blocked fuel stations from Lille in the North to Marseilles in the South.

During protests in France’s capital, Paris, the “Yellow Vests” were soon joined by a more violent element, who began torching cars, smashing windows and looting stores. 133 were injured, 412 were arrested and more than 10,000 tear gas and stun grenades were fired.

One elderly lady was killed when she was struck by a stray grenade as she tried to shutter her windows against the melee.

There was talk of imposing a State of Emergency.

The “Yellow Vests” present the most significant opposition French President Emmanuel Macron has faced since coming to office in May 2017. Unlike previous protests in France, which have divided public opinion, these have widespread support – 72% according to a Harris Interactive Poll published December 1st.

Fuel tax rises — announced in November before being retracted on December — were intended to help bring down France’s carbon emissions by curbing the use of cars. Macron makes no secret of his wish to be seen as a global leader for environmental reform.

He forgets that back at home, among the people who elected him, fuel prices really matter to those outside big cities, where four-fifths of commuters drive to work and a third of them cover more than 30km each week.

The increases have incensed people in smaller communities, where they have already seen speed limits reduced to please the Greens and cuts to the local transport services.

These additional costs-of-living increases come at an extremely bad time for ordinary French people working outside of Paris. Lower-middle class families are not poor enough to receive welfare benefits but have seen their income flat-line whilst cost-of-living and taxes have risen.

An analysis by the Institut des Politiques Publiques think-tank shows that benefits cuts and tax changes in 2018 and 2019 will leave pensioners and the bottom fifth of households worse off, while the abolition of the wealth tax means that by far the biggest gains will go to the top 1%

This is tough to swallow. Macron is seen as being out of touch with ordinary people and is unlikely to escape his new title, “the President of the Rich.”

“People have this feeling that the Paris technocrats are doing complicated things to screw them,” said Charles Wyplosz, an economics professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.

It is probably not as complex as that. The French people feel screwed.

As employment and growth are slowing, Macron, for the first time in his presidency, is under serious pressure. Unemployment is at 9%; his efforts to reform Europe are stalling, and his approval rating has plummeted to just 23% according to a recent opinion poll by IFOP.

Images of Macron at the Arc De Triomphe daubed in graffiti calling for him to step down, or worse, have done little to bolster his image abroad.

So far, Macron had said he would not bow to street protests. To underline his point, in September 2017, he called protestors against French labour-market reform “slackers”.

The political U-Turn on the fuel tax is a turning point for the Macron presidency. The question is : What next, both for Macron and the “Yellow Vests”?

Macron most likely needs to plough ahead with his reform agenda, and doubtless knows he has the support of a solid majority in the National Assembly to do so. France is crippled by debt (nearly 100% of GDP) and its grossly bloated public sector. There are 5.2 million civil servants in France, and their number has increased by 36% since 1983. These represent 22% of the workforce compared to an OCDE average of 15%.

Tax-expert Jean-Philippe Delsol says France has 1.5 million too many “fonctionnaires [officials]. When you consider that public spending in France now accounts for 57 per cent of gross domestic product. Soon the system will no longer function as there will be less and less people working to support more and more people working less”.

Macron’s mistake, in addition to a seeming inclination for arrogance, is not to have made national economic reform his absolute priority right from his initial grace period after his election. Lower public expenses would have made it possible to lower taxes, hence creating what economists call a virtuous circle. Instead, he waited.

Now, at a time when he is deeply unpopular and social unrest is in full sway he is looking to make further reforms in unemployment benefits, scaling them back by reducing the payments and the length of time beneficiaries can receive the money. The “President of the Rich” strikes again.

There is talk that he may also re-introduce the wealth tax to try to placate the protestors.

Macron’s presidential term lasts until May 13, 2022. Understandably, Macron will be focused on the elections to the European Parliament expected to be held May 23-26, 2019. Headlines have signalled that Marine Le Pen and the National Rally (formally National Front) are ahead in the polls at 20%, compared to Macron’s En Marche at 19%.

The shift is understandable, given the divide between the countryside, where Le Pen has solid support, and the cities, where Macron’s centre-left prevail.

In contrast, the “Yellow Vests” have galvanised support after standing up for the “impotent ordinary”, and seem much buoyed by the solidarity they have been shown by both fire fighters and the police. There are images online of police removing their helmets and firefighters turning their backs on political authority to show their support for the protestors.

Whilst Macron’s political opposition may be fragmented, this new breed of coherent public opposition is something new. Leaderless, unstructured and organised online, the “Yellow Vests” have gained support from the left and right, yet resisted subjugation by either.

Being leaderless makes them difficult to negotiate withor to reason with in private. The “Yellow Vests” seem acutely aware of this strength, given their firm rebuttal of overtures for peace talks from the Macron government.

Enjoying huge support from the public and with reforms to the social welfare system on the horizon, the “Yellow Vests” are not going away.

For the first time in his Presidency, Macron is in trouble and Europe and America are looking on.

After Macron rebuked nationalism during his speech at the armistice ceremony, Trump was quick to remind the French President of his low approval rating and unemployment rate near 10%. A stinging broadside from Trump on twitter suggests that Macron may well be relegated to Trump’s list of global “Losers“:

“Emmanuel Macron suggests building its own army to protect Europe against the U.S., China and Russia. But it was Germany in World Wars One & Two – How did that work out for France? They were starting to learn German in Paris before the U.S. came along. Pay for NATO or not!”

The “impotent ordinary” in the United Kingdom, who might feel betrayed over Brexit, and the nationalists in Germany, who have suffered under Merkel , are no doubt staring in wonder at the “Yellow Vests”, wishing for the same moxie.

The historian Thomas Carlyle, chronicler of the French Revolution, said the French were unrivaled practitioners in the “art of insurrection”, and characterised the French mob as the “liveliest phenomena of our world”.

Mobs in other countries, by comparison, he argued were “dull masses” lacking audacity and inventiveness. The blazing yellow vests of the French protest movement , however, have made Macron appear increasingly dull and weak too.

David Brown is based in the United Kingdom.

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