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The most DRASTIC and BIZARRE EXPLOSION in history, June 30

On June 30, 1908, the legendary and mysterious Tunguska explosion ripped through the air above Siberia…

Anna Lutskova

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On June 30, 1908, at 7.17 A.M., in a remote part of Russia, a fireball swept through the daytime sky. Within moments, something exploded in the atmosphere above Siberia’s Podkamennaya Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai.

Tunguska event on the map

The inhabitants of Central Siberia in the 300-600 mile radius saw the explosion. According to one eyewitness,

 “the sky was split in two, and high above the forest the whole northern part of the sky appeared covered with fire… At that moment there was a bang in the sky and a mighty crash… The crash was followed by a noise like stones falling from the sky, or of guns firing.”

Eyewitnesses of the Tunguska event of 1908

Supposedly, the fireball was 50-100 m wide. It flattened about 80 million trees and demolished wildlife in the six-to-nine mile radius. The trunks and brunches of the trees however, were not burnt, just singed on the outside, seemingly by the heat wave.

The explosion (computer simulation)

After the explosion, abnormally bright nighttimes had been reported throughout Russia’s European and Western part. People were able to read at night without any additional lighting provided.

The Tunguska event remains the most powerful explosion recorded in history. It produced about 185 times more energy than the Hiroshima atomic bomb. Seismic rumbles reached as far as the UK.

Tunguska event in perspective (according to John Pike)

So what caused such a destructive explosion?

Back then, it was difficult to reach this remote part of Siberia. The Tunguska region is known for its long hostile winter and a very short summer, when the ground turns into a muddy uninhabitable swamp. That’s why nobody went to the site to investigate the explosion, when it happened. Moreover, the Russian authorities had more pressing concerns, as World War I and the Russian Revolution were just a few years away.

It wasn’t until 1927 that Leonid Kulik led the first Soviet research expedition to investigate the Tunguska event.

Leonid Kulik’s Tunguska expedition

When he got there, the damage was still apparent, almost 20 years after the blast. Kulik found a large area of flattened trees, spreading out about 31 miles (50 km) wide in a weird butterfly shape.

The trees flattened 20 years after the explosion

Map depicting fallen tree pattern (arrows represent direction)

Kulik proposed that an extraterrestrial meteor had exploded in the atmosphere. However, there was no impact crater, or in fact, any meteoric remnants at all.

Today, over 100 years after the most powerful explosion in documented history, scientists are still trying to figure out what exactly happened that day in the sky…

Consequences of the Tunguska event

The reason why the Tunguska event is so dramatic is that it was an extremely rare case of what researchers call a “megaton” event – as the energy emitted was about 10-15 megatons of TNT. It is the only event of that magnitude that has happened in recent history.

Most theories suggest that an asteroid or a comet that was responsible for the blast. Russian researchers said that it was a comet, not a meteor that caused the damage. While meteorites are made up of metal and rock, comets are “dirty snowballs” of ice and dust, which can explain the absence of alien rock fragments.

Structure of a comet

As the comet warms up, jets of gas come off it as the dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) turns into gas

Some explanations were pretty crazy such as the encounter of Earth with an alien spacecraft, a mini-black-hole, a nuclear bomb, or a particle of antimatter.

According to Dr. Artemieva of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona, ideas like this are produced by human psychology:

“People who like secrets and ‘theories’ usually do not listen to scientists. A huge explosion, coupled with a lack of cosmic remnants, is ripe for these kinds of speculations.”

Tunguska event alien spacecraft theory

At the turn of the 21st century, a new theory was proposed blaming the explosion on the unfortunate experiment by Nikola Tesla. It suggested that the scientist conducted a wireless energy transmission “through the air” to illuminate the way to the North Pole for the American Arctic explorer Robert Pirie. The uninhabited region between Alaska and the North Pole was a perfect practice ground for executing wireless energy transmission, but, due to the absence of proper tools, the measurements were incorrect, causing the explosion.

Long Island lay in a direct path between Peary’s destination and the North Pole

So… Tesla kept his experiment secret as he realized how grossly he missed the target and how much damage he had done. Scary hidden truth or another crazy theory?

In 2013, the Russian research team put a stop to the speculations. Led by Victor Kvasnytsya of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the researchers analyzed microscopic samples of rocks collected from the explosion site in 1978.

Kvasnytsya came to the following conclusion:

“Our study of samples from Tunguska, as well as research of many other authors reveals meteorite origin of Tunguska event. We believe that nothing paranormal happened at Tunguska.”

Mineral sample from the Tunguska meteorite of 1908

However, it is still not a definitive conclusion. Meteor showers occur often, and many small ones might therefore sprinkle their remnants onto Earth unnoticed. Samples with meteoric origin could presumably come from one of these. It is also doubtful that the peat collected dates from 1908.

We may never find out whether the Tunguska event was caused by a meteor or comet. And unfortunately, we still cannot fully protect ourselves from similar events.

Chelyabinsk-sized meteors are believed to occur roughly every 1000 years, while Tunguska style impacts as often as once every 100-200 years. If another explosion like the Tunguska event took place above a populated city, it would kill thousands if not millions…

Meteor Crater, Arizona

The good news is that probability of that happening is extremely small, especially given the huge surface area of Earth that is covered in water.

Gareth Collins of Imperial College London, UK, states:

“When a Tunguska-type event happens again, the overwhelming probability is that it will happen nowhere near human population.”

Distribution of land and water over the Earth’s surface

And don’t forget…

Thousands of astronomers constantly peer into the skies with their telescopes to look for signs that rocks with the potential to cause a similar event are heading our way, and to assess the risk that they pose just so that we can sleep at night…

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John R. NolanTim WebbVera GottliebKyleRichard Moore Recent comment authors
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Richard Moore
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An explanation for this event has been found by the folks at thunderbolts.info. First of all, there is no difference between a meteor, comet, or asteroid, except for their orbit and size. Dirty snowballs is a false assumption. The incoming object blew apart as part of an electrical discharge event.

Tim Webb
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Tim Webb

My own theory, which is shared by millions around the world, including top journalists at the NYT and WP, as well as many high-ranking but anonymous individuals at the FBI, CIA, and NSA, is that this event was caused by Vladimir Putin, who, as part of his ability to travel through time and space with a mere twitch of those enigmatic eyebrows of his, was making a first attempt to influence the outcome of the US Presidential Election of 2016 by exploding an antimatter bomb above NYC, the home of the DNC. However, the best-laid plans of mice and men… Read more »

John R. Nolan
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John R. Nolan

That is one of the best explanations of such an event. It reminds one of the theory of evolution, where something appeared out of nothing, with what some refer to as the BIG BANG.
Maybe it was a trial of the BIG BANG before Western scientists got their messy little hands on it?

Tim Webb
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Tim Webb

Again, Putin seems to have his fingerprints all over this.

John R. Nolan
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John R. Nolan

It amazes me how Mr. Putin can be blamed for the American election facade, the collapse of the world economy, global warming, or freezing, depending whether you are in Alaska or the Sahara desert, whilst being responsible for the Kazarian plans for the one world government. I believe he is a very capable, efficient bloke, but surely, even he could not put this together all by himself. One noticed alternate finger prints on the scene of this crime, and Mr. Putin was out of the country at the time of the 1st., 2nd. and coming 3rd. world war. Everyone wants… Read more »

Kyle
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Kyle

There was another weird explosion sort of similar to this: The Wanggongchang Explosion in 1626 from Beijing.

Vera Gottlieb
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Vera Gottlieb

So what good does keeping an eye on our skies??? We can be warned but any event of this size certainly can’t be avoided.

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Is the Violent Dismemberment of Russia Official US Policy?

Neocons make the case that the West should not only seek to contain “Moscow’s imperial ambitions” but to actively seek the dismemberment of Russia as a whole.

The Duran

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Authored by Erik D’Amato via The Ron Paul Institute for Peace & Prosperity:


If there’s one thing everyone in today’s Washington can agree on, it’s that whenever an official or someone being paid by the government says something truly outrageous or dangerous, there should be consequences, if only a fleeting moment of media fury.

With one notable exception: Arguing that the US should be quietly working to promote the violent disintegration and carving up of the largest country on Earth.

Because so much of the discussion around US-Russian affairs is marked by hysteria and hyperbole, you are forgiven for assuming this is an exaggeration. Unfortunately it isn’t. Published in the Hill under the dispassionate title “Managing Russia’s dissolution,” author Janusz Bugajski makes the case that the West should not only seek to contain “Moscow’s imperial ambitions” but to actively seek the dismemberment of Russia as a whole.

Engagement, criticism and limited sanctions have simply reinforced Kremlin perceptions that the West is weak and predictable. To curtail Moscow’s neo-imperialism a new strategy is needed, one that nourishes Russia’s decline and manages the international consequences of its dissolution.

Like many contemporary cold warriors, Bugajski toggles back and forth between overhyping Russia’s might and its weaknesses, notably a lack of economic dynamism and a rise in ethnic and regional fragmentation.But his primary argument is unambiguous: That the West should actively stoke longstanding regional and ethnic tensions with the ultimate aim of a dissolution of the Russian Federation, which Bugajski dismisses as an “imperial construct.”

The rationale for dissolution should be logically framed: In order to survive, Russia needs a federal democracy and a robust economy; with no democratization on the horizon and economic conditions deteriorating, the federal structure will become increasingly ungovernable…

To manage the process of dissolution and lessen the likelihood of conflict that spills over state borders, the West needs to establish links with Russia’s diverse regions and promote their peaceful transition toward statehood.

Even more alarming is Bugajski’s argument that the goal should not be self-determination for breakaway Russian territories, but the annexing of these lands to other countries. “Some regions could join countries such as Finland, Ukraine, China and Japan, from whom Moscow has forcefully appropriated territories in the past.”

It is, needless to say, impossible to imagine anything like this happening without sparking a series of conflicts that could mirror the Yugoslav Wars. Except in this version the US would directly culpable in the ignition of the hostilities, and in range of 6,800 Serbian nuclear warheads.

So who is Janusz Bugajski, and who is he speaking for?

The author bio on the Hill’s piece identifies him as a senior fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis, a Washington, D.C. think-tank. But CEPA is no ordinary talk shop: Instead of the usual foundations and well-heeled individuals, its financial backers seem to be mostly arms of the US government, including the Department of State, the Department of Defense, the US Mission to NATO, the US-government-sponsored National Endowment for Democracy, as well as as veritable who’s who of defense contractors, including Raytheon, Bell Helicopter, BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin and Textron. Meanwhile, Bugajski chairs the South-Central Europe area studies program at the Foreign Service Institute of the US Department of State.

To put it in perspective, it is akin to a Russian with deep ties to the Kremlin and arms-makers arguing that the Kremlin needed to find ways to break up the United States and, if possible, have these breakaway regions absorbed by Mexico and Canada. (A scenario which alas is not as far-fetched as it might have been a few years ago; many thousands in California now openly talk of a “Calexit,” and many more in Mexico of a reconquista.)

Meanwhile, it’s hard to imagine a quasi-official voice like Bugajski’s coming out in favor of a similar policy vis-a-vis China, which has its own restive regions, and which in geopolitical terms is no more or less of a threat to the US than Russia. One reason may be that China would consider an American call for secession by the Tibetans or Uyghurs to be a serious intrusion into their internal affairs, unlike Russia, which doesn’t appear to have noticed or been ruffled by Bugajski’s immodest proposal.

Indeed, just as the real scandal in Washington is what’s legal rather than illegal, the real outrage in this case is that few or none in DC finds Bugajski’s virtual declaration of war notable.

But it is. It is the sort of provocation that international incidents are made of, and if you are a US taxpayer, it is being made in your name, and it should be among your outrages of the month.

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At Age 70, Time To Rethink NATO

The architect of Cold War containment, Dr. George Kennan, warned that moving NATO into Eastern Europe and former Soviet republics would prove a “fateful error.”

Patrick J. Buchanan

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Authored by Patrick Buchanan via The Unz Review:


“Treaties are like roses and young girls. They last while they last.”

So said President Charles De Gaulle, who in 1966 ordered NATO to vacate its Paris headquarters and get out of France.

NATO this year celebrates a major birthday. The young girl of 1966 is no longer young. The alliance is 70 years old.

And under this aging NATO today, the U.S. is committed to treat an attack on any one of 28 nations from Estonia to Montenegro to Romania to Albania as an attack on the United States.

The time is ripe for a strategic review of these war guarantees to fight a nuclear-armed Russia in defense of countries across the length of Europe that few could find on a map.

Apparently, President Donald Trump, on trips to Europe, raised questions as to whether these war guarantees comport with vital U.S. interests and whether they could pass a rigorous cost-benefit analysis.

The shock of our establishment that Trump even raised this issue in front of Europeans suggests that the establishment, frozen in the realities of yesterday, ought to be made to justify these sweeping war guarantees.

Celebrated as “the most successful alliance in history,” NATO has had two histories. Some of us can yet recall its beginnings.

In 1948, Soviet troops, occupying eastern Germany all the way to the Elbe and surrounding Berlin, imposed a blockade on the city.

The regime in Prague was overthrown in a Communist coup. Foreign minister Jan Masaryk fell, or was thrown, from a third-story window to his death. In 1949, Stalin exploded an atomic bomb.

As the U.S. Army had gone home after V-E Day, the U.S. formed a new alliance to protect the crucial European powers — West Germany, France, Britain, Italy. Twelve nations agreed that an attack on one would be treated as an attack on them all.

Cross the Elbe and you are at war with us, including the U.S. with its nuclear arsenal, Stalin was, in effect, told. Hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops returned to Europe to send the message that America was serious.

Crucial to the alliance was the Yalta line dividing Europe agreed to by Stalin, FDR and Churchill at the 1945 Crimean summit on the Black Sea.

U.S. presidents, even when monstrous outrages were committed in Soviet-occupied Europe, did not cross this line into the Soviet sphere.

Truman did not send armored units up the highway to Berlin. He launched an airlift to break the Berlin blockade. Ike did not intervene to save the Hungarian rebels in 1956. JFK confined his rage at the building of the Berlin Wall to the rhetorical: “Ich bin ein Berliner.”

LBJ did nothing to help the Czechs when, before the Democratic convention in 1968, Leonid Brezhnev sent Warsaw Pact tank armies to crush the Prague Spring.

When the Solidarity movement of Lech Walesa was crushed in Gdansk, Reagan sent copy and printing machines. At the Berlin Wall in 1988, he called on Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.”

Reagan never threatened to tear it down himself.

But beginning in 1989, the Wall was torn down, Germany was united, the Red Army went home, the Warsaw Pact dissolved, the USSR broke apart into 15 nations, and Leninism expired in its birthplace.

As the threat that had led to NATO disappeared, many argued that the alliance created to deal with that threat should be allowed to fade away, and a free and prosperous Europe should now provide for its own defense.

It was not to be. The architect of Cold War containment, Dr. George Kennan, warned that moving NATO into Eastern Europe and former Soviet republics would prove a “fateful error.”

This, said Kennan, would “inflame the nationalistic and militaristic tendencies in Russian opinion” and “restore the atmosphere of the cold war in East-West relations.” Kennan was proven right.

America is now burdened with the duty to defend Europe from the Atlantic to the Baltic, even as we face a far greater threat in China, with an economy and population 10 times that of Russia.

And we must do this with a defense budget that is not half the share of the federal budget or the GDP that Eisenhower and Kennedy had.

Trump is president today because the American people concluded that our foreign policy elite, with their endless interventions where no vital U.S. interest was imperiled, had bled and virtually bankrupted us, while kicking away all of the fruits of our Cold War victory.

Halfway into Trump’s term, the question is whether he is going to just talk about halting Cold War II with Russia, about demanding that Europe pay for its own defense, and about bringing the troops home — or whether he is going to act upon his convictions.

Our foreign policy establishment is determined to prevent Trump from carrying out his mandate. And if he means to carry out his agenda, he had best get on with it.

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Photos of new Iskander base near Ukrainian border creates media hype

But research into the photos and cross-checking of news reports reveals only the standard anti-Russian narrative that has gone on for years.

Seraphim Hanisch

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Fox News obtained satellite photos that claim that Russia has recently installed new Iskander missile batteries, one of them “near” to the Ukrainian border. However, what the Fox article does not say is left for the reader to discover: that in regards to Ukraine, these missiles are probably not that significant, unless the missiles are much longer range than reported:

The intelligence report provided to Fox by Imagesat International showed the new deployment in Krasnodar, 270 miles from the Ukrainian border. In the images is visible what appears to be an Iskander compound, with a few bunkers and another compound of hangars. There is a second new installation that was discovered by satellite photos, but this one is much farther to the east, in the region relatively near to Ulan-Ude, a city relatively close to the Mongolian border.

Both Ukraine and Mongolia are nations that have good relations with the West, but Mongolia has good relations with both its immediate neighbors, Russia and China, and in fact participated with both countries in the massive Vostok-2018 military war-games earlier this year.

Fox News provided these photos of the Iskander emplacement near Krasnodar:

Imagesat International

Fox annotated this photo in this way:

Near the launcher, there is a transloader vehicle which enables quick reloading of the missiles into the launcher. One of the bunker’s door is open, and another reloading vehicle is seen exiting from it.

[Fox:] The Iskander ballistic missile has a range up to 310 miles, and can carry both unconventional as well as nuclear warheads, putting most of America’s NATO allies at risk. The second deployment is near the border with Mongolia, in Ulan-Ude in Sothern Russia, where there are four launchers and another reloading vehicle.

[Fox:] Earlier this week, Nikolai Patrushev, secretary of Russia’s Security Council, said authorities of the former Soviet republic are being “controlled” by the West, warning it stands to lose its independence and identity as a consequence. “The continuation of such policy by the Kiev authorities can contribute to the loss of Ukraine’s statehood,” Mr Patrushev told Rossiyskaya Gazeta, according to Russian news agency TASS.

This situation was placed by Fox in context with the Kerch Strait incident, in which three Ukrainian vessels and twenty-four crew and soldiers were fired upon by Russian coast guard ships as they manuevered in the Kerch Strait without permission from Russian authorities based in Crimea. There are many indications that this incident was a deliberate attempt on the part of Ukraine’s president Petro Poroshenko, to create a sensational incident, possibly to bolster his flagging re-election campaign. After the incident, the President blustered and set ten provinces in Ukraine under martial law for 30 days, insisting to the world, and especially to the United States, that Russia was “preparing to invade” his country.

Russia expressed no such sentiment in any way, but they are holding the soldiers until the end of January. However, on January 17th, a Moscow court extended the detention of eight of these captured Ukrainian sailors despite protests from Kyiv and Washington.

In addition to the tensions in Ukraine, the other significant point of disagreement between the Russian Federation and the US is the US’ plan to withdraw from the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF). Russia sees this treaty as extremely important, but the US point of view expressed by John Bolton, National Security Adviser, is that the treaty is useless because it does not include any other parties that have intermediate range nukes or the capability for them, such as Iran, North Korea, and China. This is an unsolved problem, and it is possible that the moves of the Iskander batteries is a subtle warning from the Russians that they really would rather the US stay in the treaty.

Discussions on this matter at public levels between the Russian government and the US have been very difficult because of the fierce anti-Russia and anti-Trump campaigns in the media and political establishments of the United States. President Putin and President Trump have both expressed the desire to meet, but complications like the Kerch Strait Incident conveniently arise, and have repeatedly disrupted the attempts for these two leaders to meet.

Where Fox News appears to get it wrong shows in a few places:

First, the known range for Iskander missiles maxes at about 310 miles. The placement of the battery near Krasnodar is 270 miles from the eastern Ukrainian border, but the eastern part of Ukraine is Russian-friendly and two provinces, Donetsk and Lugansk, are breakaway provinces acting as independent republics. The battery appears to be no threat to Kyiv or to that part of Ukraine which is aligned with the West. Although the missiles could reach into US ally Georgia, Krasnodar is 376 miles from Tbilisi, and so again it seems that there is no significant target for these missiles. (This is assuming the location given is accurate.)

Second, the location shown in the photo is (44,47,29.440N at 39,13,04.754E). The date on the “Krasnodar” photo is January 17, 2019. However, a photo of the region taken July 24, 2018 reveals a different layout. It takes a moment or two to study this, but there is not much of an exact match here:

Third, Fox News reported of “further Russian troops deployment and S-400 Surface to air missile days after the escalation started, hinting Russia might have orchestrated the naval incident.”

It may be true that Russia deployed weapons to this base area in Crimea, but this is now Russian territory. S-400s can be used offensively, but their primary purpose is defensive. Troops on the Crimean Peninsula, especially at this location far to the north of the area, are not in a position strategically to invade Kherson Oblast (a pushback would probably corner such forces on the Crimean peninsula with nowhere to go except the Black Sea). However, this does look like a possible defense installation should Ukraine’s forces try to invade or bomb Crimea.

Fox has this wrong, but it is no great surprise, because the American stance about Ukraine and Russia is similar – Russia can do no right, and Ukraine can do no wrong. Fox News is not monolithic on this point of view, of course, with anchors and journalists such as Tucker Carlson, who seem willing to acknowledge the US propaganda about the region. However, there are a lot of hawks as well. While photos in the articles about the S-400s and the Russian troops are accurately located, it does appear that the one about Iskanders is not, and that the folks behind this original article are guessing that the photos will not be questioned. After all, no one in the US knows where anything is in Russia and Ukraine, anyway, right?

That there is an issue here is likely. But is it appears that there is strong evidence that it is opposite what Fox reported here, it leaves much to be questioned.

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